Neuron Electrical Activity

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Neuron Electrical Activity

Category: Coursework

Subcategory: Anatomy

Level: College

Pages: 1

Words: 275

Neuron Electrical Activity
Graph of the Change in Millivolts during the Event

While the neuron is resting, it’s the resting potential that tells all the activities that take place in it. Once the neuron sends information via the axon away from the cell body, action potential now takes place. Therefore, it’s the depolarizing current that creates an explosion of neuron electrical activity that leads to an action potential. Also, it’s the event that forces the resting potential to move from its position towards 0 mV. The threshold is reached when depolarization reaches -55 mV and hence firing an action potential. The threshold is a most important level since no action potential can happen without it. An action potential is achieved when different ions enter the membrane of the neuron. Sodium ions open first and hence circulating both to the inside and outside. Later, potassium ions open and moves to the outside which ends up reversing depolarization. As a result, action potential starts going back to -70 mV by a process known as repolarization. Action potential even goes further below -70 mV since potassium ions stay longer while open; refractory period. Afterward, it goes back to its resting state.
Resting MP neuron electrical activity is associated with differences in individual’s effective style in healthy children, infants, adults as well as some clinical population when signs and symptoms are in remission or reduced. Resting potential al activity mainly occurs in the electrical synapses. The channel involved is known as the potassium ions. The resting membrane potential escapes through the potassium ions from the neuron until it reaches an electrical attractive force. Resting potential is also produced by the open resting K+ channel. The features involved in resting potential are the neuron synapses. Moreover, the activity takes place during the theta state that often allows it to flow slowly via the synapses.
Graded (local) potential electrical activity occurs at the postsynaptic membrane. At the axon hillock transition to the potential from the local graded potential occurs. It occurs through the axon. The features involved in the local potential are the Sodium (Na+). It occurs in the preparation of the action potential that is the real action in the neuron. Graded potential occurs with the aim of depolarizing the neuron in preparation to the action potential activity. Other than Na+, the other ions involved include the K+ and CI-. The ions form a channel for the local electrical activity via the axon.
An action potential is the last neuron electrical activity after graded potential. It takes place down the axon. Change in polarity is experienced across the membrane of the axon. Na+ and K+ gated ions from the channel that are open and closed as the membrane reaches the potential threshold. It experiences the fore mentioned change as it tries to respond to signal that comes from other neurons. As the action potential occurs, the sodium ions channel opens and allows Na+ to get in. The main reason is to try and create the same positive environment irrespective with the positive solution outside.