Immigration policies are often set by nations for purposes of taking care of people who travel to a country for the main intention of staying and working in the host country. Such policies are put in place to eliminate or allow immigration processes. They are known to affect different aspects of life and society as they can become helpful or disastrous to both the immigrant and the nation in question. It is vital to note that immigrants form and play central roles to the nations they end up working and staying as refugees or asylum seekers. Regardless of their status, most of the immigrants have increased the levels of economic growth of most nations. Unfortunately, issues relating to terrorism and other vices have made most nations to impose different polices that safeguard their overall wellbeing. There are millions of undocumented immigrants who live in various nations. Most immigrants leave there native homes for a better life. Such movements have necessitated many nations to provide stringent rules inform of policies to control the influx of people into their territories. Through immigration reforms, nations have made their policies to either be restrictive or open to immigrants. Australia and Albania are nations that have imposed different immigrant policies to safeguard the movement of people across their borders.
Australia and Albania are nations that have had to deal with immigration issues in different ways. In Australia for example, there have been more asylum seekers into the country since 2010, and this has necessitated strict immigrant policies to curb the increasing influx of such immigrants. On the contrary, there have been more asylum seekers from Albania to other nations due to the poor economic conditions prevailing in the region, hence few and less stringent immigrant policies.
The population of the study focuses on immigrants from Australia and Albania. Through purposive study, it is easy to make use predictions of all the immigrants as the sample size. The sources for the research are from secondary data, and these have been found from books and journals that provide information on immigration in Australia and Albania.
Immigration Policies in Albania
Albania, which is an EU member, has witnessed ongoing problems in their political stand (Avato 25). The country has however endeavored to align their immigration policies in accordance to the set international standards. Despite having an economy that is struggling, Albania has managed to link their development policies with their immigration policies to make use of returnees who have gained various experiences abroad together with the help of their diaspora community.
Immigration policies of Albania are organized under a strategy of Migration Management of 2005-2010 (Zaloshnja 464). The strategies were organized and funded by the EU and outline the region’s management capabilities as an exporter of labor. The policies address the need to protect Albanians who are abroad, causes of immigration and the promotion of legal immigration. The written down policy on asylum in Albania approves residence of all people around the globe who have legal asylum papers to Albania. Due to the nation’s vulnerable situation on the migration system, they have minimal supervision on those going and coming into the nation. The Albanian regime has however been able to make use of the EU standards that are often necessary for foreigners to have favorable conditions.
Advantages and Disadvantages of the Policies in Albania
The immigration laws in Albania allows for protection of all Albanians who are abroad. They also give them an opportunity to come back to their home areas and work after gaining relatively different kinds of expertise. The policy is advantageous to the country as it increases its labor force, and this allows them to develop at a faster rate. The disadvantage of the policies in Albania is that they are not well linked with their other development and national policies, and this gives people a loophole to enter and get out of the nation without any problem. This makes them spend money on policies that are not workable in the nation.
Immigration Policies in Australia
High immigration levels have made Australia come up with different policies that guard their boarders and region as a whole (Joppke 20). Australia deserves the right to detain any foreigner who is not in the region lawfully. These are people who lack traveling documents and valid visas and encompass adults and children. Immigrant detention centers have seen increased numbers of children since this policy was effected.
The immigration policies in Australia have been tightened, and they are currently providing temporary visas for refugees. Such visas are not beneficial to the asylum seekers because they render them unlawful in the nation after their expiry period. The temporary visas provide refugees with three years stay in the region and needed to go back to their home areas after the expiry of this period. The current immigration policy in Australia is seen as one of the harshest around the globe. The nation has endeavored to turn back all asylum seekers and their boats because of the current high influx of asylum seekers from war-torn regions in the world.
Advantages and Disadvantages of the policies in Australia
Refugees and asylum seekers can be used by the Australian government to provide different services at lower costs (Walsh 784). Such increased labor force often increase a nation’s GDP because of the minimal amounts of money spent on workers pay. Allowing immigrants to the nation will also increase the intermixing of different cultures that are often rich in increasing tourists’ presence. The policies are a disadvantage to the refugees as they limit their period of stay while other are locked in detention centers for longer periods.
Australia should be lenient to the asylum seekers and allow them to settle in the region while making different plans with the EU on how to deal with them. Such people can be used by the nation to provide cheap labor that might increase the region’s GDP level shortly. However, all the asylum seekers should be traced back to their original countries to ascertain their originality to avoid instances of terrorism and other forms of crime. Albania on the other hand should work towards increasing the development levels in the nation to have an increased numbers of immigrants as opposed to emigrants. Conclusion
Immigration policies are essential for every country because they provide rules and regulations that concern foreigners entering a country. The policies should always be linked to other national policies that are set for development purposes. Albania should make amendments to their policies because their current policies are old. Australia should also make amendments that will be beneficial to both the refugees and the nation at large.
Avato, Johanna. “Migration Pressures and Immigration Policies: New Evidence on the Selection of Migrants.” Education 0930 (2014): n. pag. Print.
Joppke, C. “Are ‘Nondiscriminatory’ Immigration Policies Reversible? Evidence From the United States and Australia.” Comparative Political Studies 2013: 3-25. Print.
Walsh, James. “Navigating globalization: Immigration policy in Canada and Australia, 1945-2007.” Sociological Forum 2012: 786-813. Print.
Zaloshnja, Eduard, Hana Ross, and David T Levy. “The impact of control policies in Albania.” Tobacco control 19.6 (2013): 463-468. Print.