Child abuse

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Child abuseAbstractThis research paper is based on issues that surround child abuse and how they can be dealt with those who are left with the responsibilities of taking care of the children. It starts with a brief introduction of child abuse and indicates different modes of child abuse and how they can be handled by both parents and caregivers. The research paper defines the term child abuse and goes further to indicate the various myths and facts about child abuse. It also talks of the effects and risk factors of child abuse and finally gives a conclusion on the issues that surround child abuse in the society. In general the paper emphasizes care and strict policies to all offenders who are caught abusing children.

Table of Contents
TOC o “1-3” h z u Child abuse PAGEREF _Toc417483666 h 1Abstract PAGEREF _Toc417483667 h 1Introduction PAGEREF _Toc417483668 h 3Child Abuse PAGEREF _Toc417483669 h 3Conclusion PAGEREF _Toc417483670 h 7Annotated Bibliography PAGEREF _Toc417483671 h 7Works Cited PAGEREF _Toc417483672 h 9

Introduction
Child abuse is the mistreatment of children through different forms like sexual, neglect or emotional maltreatment of children in the society. In the US, the CDC defines child abuse as any omission or commission of parents or the caregivers which results in harm or threat to a particular child. Child abuse is common and often has far reaching effects on the children who are affected as a whole. Child abuse often occurs at home or different organizations like school, church or the communities where the children reside. There are four major categories of child abuse that are recorded by the center for disease control and prevention, and they are sexual abuse, neglect, emotional or psychological abuse towards children. Taking care of children’s rights is paramount and priority to ensure the overall safety of such small beings that needs care. There are detailed laws and regulations that are enumerated by different organizations to ensure the safety of children while at home or in other different localities where they reside.
Child Abuse
There is a need to recognize report and prevent child abuse to limit the occurrences of such vices. It is vital to note that child abuse is more than broken bones and bruises that are usually inflicted on children because of their vulnerability. Physical abuse to children is often visible. However, other forms of abuse like emotional and neglect need to be checked and reported to ensure the safety of the children. These kinds of abuse usually leave a lasting scar on children unless the victims are counseled and given proper care after experiencing different forms of abuse from their parents or caregivers. Children that have been abused need to have early treatment so that they can heal faster and be able to break the cycle and continue with their lives as usual. Perpetuating the effects of child abuse is often the result in many cases, and this usually bring about rivalry and long lasting scars that are not necessary for children who are growing. There is a need for parents and caregivers to learn different signs of child abuse and intervene to ensure normal growth of those children who are affected.
For people to understand the extent of child abuse and how to deal with it is paramount that they learn the vice to be able to provide help immediately it is discovered. Parents and caregivers need to avoid putting their children in places that are not supervised and other dangerous situations that can lead to their abuse. Adults should also ensure that their children are not regarded as stupid as this might comprise their wellbeing and a feeling of worthiness in the society. Understanding one’s children is the first step of ensuring that children are safe and not harmed by the people who surround them on a daily basis. All types of child abuse are serious as they put children in the state of emotional harm that in many cases makes them vulnerable in the society where they are living.
Myths and Facts about child abuse
There are different myths and facts about child abuse. Many people think that child abuse is only abuse when the children undergo some form of harm. The fact is that physical abuse of children is just part of abuse hence the need to understand the emotions of children when they are at home or in their places of learning. Emotional abuse and neglect are forms of child abuse because they make children become affected, even though, such occurrences are subtle. Parents and caregivers have a responsibility of ensuring that their children are taken care of and become sensitive of any feeling portrayed by the children. This will help caregivers and parents an opportunity to curtail the effects of child abuse. There is, therefore, the need for parents to understand the feelings of their children and known when they are abused early in advance so that adequate measures can be taken to maintain the health status of such children.
Parents and caregivers need to understand that children can be abused by both bad and good people. It’s often easy to say that bad people abuse children, but this is not true because it has been proved that even good people have the power to abuse children who are left under their care. It has been noticed in many instances that children have been abused by the closest people they have known for long periods. Relatives and teachers are also in a position to abuse children a fact that should always be considered by parents when taking care of their children.
Understanding this fact will help parents become sensitive and monitor their children when they are far from them. It is vital to note that the idea of child abuse is never black and white because individual’s intentions are never understood easily at one instance. Those taking care of the children should also know that not all the people who abuse children want them harmed after the abuse. Some of the parents and caregivers scold children to make them change from different behaviors that are not considered right among them. Such instances affected different children more so when they are told they are worthless in their homes. Emotional child abuse affects most children without the adults recognizing the effects it has on their children. It is important to notice every change in a child for purposes of making considerations as to whether they are abused or not.
The child also happens in good and bad families. Most scholars have compiled papers that indicate that only bad families have issues of child abuse. Such occurrences happen in bad and good families, and this means that when people come from good families they should be vigilant enough to recognize when their children are abused. People also think that child abuse only happens within neighborhoods that are bad. It is vital to note that child abuse occurs in both good and bad neighborhoods, and the only difference might be the frequency and extent of harm. Most families who are looked in their compounds never understand that their families are affected when they are outside their gates. This makes it important for all families always to ensure that their children are safe while at home and outside their homes.
It is also a fact that most abusers are not always strangers as there have been varied cases of people from the same families who abuse their children without any cause. Most parents have been sentenced in the past because of similar crimes, and there is a need to explain to parents that those inside their households are also dangerous in inflicting physical or emotional pain to their children. Communication is often key in families, and this helps parents to recognize the different forms of child abuse while talking to their children. Children are beings whose minds are often open, and when engaged in conversations most of them can open up on the issues that surround their overall wellbeing.
Abused children are in many cases able to become abusers themselves when they grow old, and repeat all the things that were done to them when they were young. Such instances are usually done unconsciously as the children try to focus more on the problems they face in their lives. It is also true that most survivors of child abuse are often ready and sensitive to issues of child abuse and such parents or caregivers usually protect their children from harm within the precepts of past events. Parents who were abused can also become emotional and take revenge on their children more so when their families are not stable. Such instances have recorded in the past and the only way to stop them is by counseling and also gives children the care and safety they require so that they can be important members of the society they are living.
Effects of child abuse
There are different effects of child abuse, and at this point is important to note that all types of child abuse often leave a lasting impression on children as they grow up to be adults. The impression left on children can be dangerous and disturbing when such children are not given medical attention or counseling in advance. This helps children to grow up strong citizens who will only look back and find a reason to smile and also help other children from undergoing similar treatments. Most scars that are left from child abuse are physical while other is emotional scars that affect the performance of children while in school or in their homes. Some children become rebellious because of child abuse, and this can be changed if the children are provided with counseling that is often essential. Child abuse can affect a child’s sense of worth and also destroy their outlook of life because of the grievous scars that can be left on such children. Counseling and communication with children can make them forget the past and build on new relationships that are healthy and worthy their lives as a whole.
Most children lose trust and end up in different relationship difficulties when they are not counseled or treated well after instances of child abuse. Children often find it hard to trust their parents when they are abused by them and find no reason to trust other people because of the things they have undergone through their hands. This usually happens when parents are the sole people to blame for the abuses that have been inflicted upon them. When abused by caregivers the children also lose trust to those around them because they feel that they cannot be entrusted with their lives. Maintaining different relationships becomes hard when such children are abused because they usually feel that their close family members have abused them with no chance of changing the situations. Sexual abuse leads to the stigma of those abused, but this can be reversed when the children are given care and able to stand on their own through their journey of recovery.
Children who have also been abused feel that they are worthless in the society and in their homes. When children are told most the time that they are stupid or useless they often take it as a reality and live their lives with fear and pain in them. Such core feelings are usually embedded in the minds of children, and they end up performing below their optimum levels. When such children grow up, they often stop striving to become important in the society because they feel that they do not deserve all the good things that come with more education or good jobs. The children may end up having their jobs or spouses because of past scars that were inflicted on them.
Expressing different emotions by abused children is often hard as they feel that they are not worthy and in need of a more regulated environment where they can learn and understand their parents without problems. Adults who were once abused often become depressed as others get feelings of anger against those that are in their surroundings. Such adults often turn to drugs and alcohol to suppress their feelings, and this are usually serious signs of damage towards the survivors.
Types of child abuse
There are different types of child abuse that have been noticed and recorded in the past. Some of them can be seen and realized early while others are hard to notice because they are emotionally instigated. All the abuses of children are always tied together with one common factor of the damages and effects that they cause to the children who are abused. It is necessary for children to have boundaries that are set clearly if they are to avoid the bad effects of child abuse in their surroundings. The children also need to have structures that are set within the tenets of ensuring their overall security. They should also know and understand that their parents are in the view of protecting their safety and overall health. Such information usually makes children confident of their future and able to work towards achieving progress in their lives and that of others in the society. Parents should also know that the world of children is constantly becoming unpredictable with minimal or no rules. Children feel unsecure and become lonely when they are abused hence the need to protect their identity and self-esteem.
Emotional child abuse is common among most children as it destroys their mental image of things and health while striving to become law abiding citizens of their regions of stay. They should be counseled to avoid lifelong instances of psychological scars that may deepen their insecurity. Most of the emotional abuses come in the form of shaming and belittling children while in their homes. When such damage is placed in a child’s mind, they usually feel unworthy and never desire to strive hard to ensure success in their lives. Bullying and limited physical harm coupled with exposing children to situations that are dangerous comprise emotional abuses that most children face while in their societies.
Child neglect is also dangerous as it makes children lack their basic needs that are essential for their growth and development. Child neglect comes in many forms, and those usually affected find it hard to get enough food or clothing and dampens their emotional wellbeing. Children are found to compare themselves with others in the society and when they find that their friends are well catered for they usually become resentful leading to rebellion. Parents who partake of alcohol and drugs have been found to neglect the needs of their children and this makes them feel embarrassed with low self-esteem. Such instances make them vulnerable to various injustices and rebellious.
Physical abuse that is the common form of child abuse has been reported most around the US and around the world. Physical harm represents the injury to children or harm that causes them to suffer. Physical abuse can become possible through caning the children when in the process of disciplining them. Heavy beating results in physical abuse, and this makes the children have a bad image of their parents and caregivers in overall.
Sexual abuse to children is the worst for of abuse as such children never understand what the adults are doing to them. Sexual abuse results to shame and guilt and often destroys the confidence the children possess. Sexual abuse never stops to body contacts alone but also involves exposing the children to sexual materials that are damaging to their ego and knowledge. Sexual abuse has been perfumed mostly by members of the family who are respected and regarded by the children. When the children grow up, they usually find it hard to trust those around them leading to relationship problems. Boys and girls are usually at great risk when sexual abuse is involved contrary to normal thoughts and reports. Reporting of such chimes is usually left by many because of the shame and guilt that is involved. When children are abused, parents and caregivers have the mandate of ensuring that such individuals are treated early to avoid instances of long time stigma and low self-esteem.
Sexual abuse often brings about physical harm and emotional damage that is usually deep for those that are affected. There is a need to ensure the safety of all the children to avoid instances of sexual abuse that are often disturbing. Most sexually abused children become tormented with guilt and the result is that they often refuse to associate with others in the society for fear of being abused again. Those that feel the problem was brought to them as a result of their own neglect usually find it hard to cope with life and end up becoming people who are development in their areas of operation.
Warning signs of child abuse
There are always different warning signs that a child has been abused by a different party. Parents and caregivers should particularly become sensitive towards such signs because they might help them deal with the problems of child abuse early in advance. It is also important to note that whenever such signs are seen it is not always that they were abused, and this gives the caregivers a chance to talk to the children or make investigations that could lead to the truths about their children welfare as a whole. Children that have been abused usually get withdrawn from others and those they are close to, others often loose attachments they have towards those who take care of them hence the need for caregivers and parents to be watchful.
The risk factors of abuse among children are many, and the few that can be exhibited include violence, drug and alcohol consumption, and rebellion. Parents that can abuse parents are also those who partake of alcohol and drugs and those who have untreated mental illnesses. Such groups of people need to be monitored when they are around or within the reach of the children in question.
Conclusion
Parents and caregivers have the mandate of ensuring the overall wellbeing of the children who are under their care. This will help them develop into adults who are responsible and able to respond to life pressures easily without any problems. Communication is key when taking care of children as it help parents and the children to understand one another easily hence an onset of abuse can be detected easily and eradicated.

Annotated BibliographyErmertcan, Aylin Turel, and Pelin Ertan. “Skin manifestations of child abuse.” Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology 76.4 (2010): 317-26.
The journal by Ertan, Emmert can and Turtle discusses issues of child abuse and explicitly defines the different types of child abuse. The authors also respond to different issues that can lead to noticing that a child is abused by those that are close to them. They talk of recognition of abuse as vital for parents and caregivers to take action in advance. It concludes by condemning the acts of child abuse and stating that those found should be taken to court for various actions to be taken against them.
The journal provides relevant and timely information concerning child abuse and can be used by students while doing their research work in schools. It touches on important issues of child abuse and makes recommendations that can help both the parents and caregivers while ensuring the safety of those they are entrusted with.
Fontes, Lisa Aronson, and Carol Plummer. “Cultural issues in disclosures of child sexual abuse.” Journal of child sexual abuse 19.5 (2010): 491-518. Print.
The journal article by Plummer, Fontes and Aronson completely tackle the issues behind child abuse and how they can be stopped by the majority. They affirm that various cultural norms that are set in various regions often affect the views that re set upon issues of sexual abuse to children. The authors explain how cultural issues and ethnic rules have affected the issue of reporting offenders who have been found abusing children who are left to them.
The views of the authors actively conform to most ethnic and religious issues that make it hard for child abuse offenders to be prosecuted by the courts. The journal presents well-researched information that can be used by parents and caregivers while taking care of their children. Risk factors and all the myths that surround the issues of child abuse are discussed as required.
Johnson, Charles Felzen. “Child sexual abuse.” Lancet 2004: 462-470. Print.
Johnson and Felsen talk of issues that pertain to child abuse, and more emphasis is put on sexual abuse against children. It indicates the extent to which the ego of children is destroyed and the natural tendencies of stigma and guilt.
The researchers have a well-laid foundation on issues of child abuse and perform a clear audit of different cases that have been reported in the past. They clearly indicate that all child abuse instances can be termed as mild, but sexual abuse is often harsh and requires great care to those who are offended. The offenders should also be put behind bars to stop them from committing similar crimes in future.
The events that follow the work of the authors is clearly elaborated as they feel that sexual abuse among children is worse compared to other forms of abuse. The work can be used for research and class work as it entails all the details that correspond to sexual abuse among children.
Murray, Laura K., Amanda Nguyen, and Judith A. Cohen. “Child Sexual Abuse.” Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 2014: 321-337. Print.
The authors explain the importance of care and counseling for children who have been abused sexually. They propose strict laws that curtail those that are found guilty of the crime. The authors also defend various parents and claim that some abuses are as a result of neglect on the part of children.
The sentiments of the author might warrant a debate as most children are vulnerable and never able to put themselves at risk. The work, however, can be used to further the research on issues of child abuse in the US and other regions worldwide.
Wells, Kathryn. “Substance abuse and child maltreatment.” Pediatric clinics of North America 2009: 345-362. Print.
The authors through their works talk of the effects of abuse and the need to take care of children so that they are free from taking drugs and alcohol due to the abuse they are exposed to. The parents are warned to be vigilant and always check their children while providing communication tools that are appropriate to all the children. The authors’ work is clear and concise and can be of use to various research works that require information on child abuse and the intake of drugs and alcohol.

Works CitedErmertcan, Aylin Turel, and Pelin Ertan. “Skin manifestations of child abuse.” Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology 76.4 (2010): 317-26.
Fontes, Lisa Aronson, and Carol Plummer. “Cultural issues in disclosures of child sexual abuse.” Journal of child sexual abuse 19.5 (2010): 491-518. Print.
Johnson, Charles Felzen. “Child sexual abuse.” Lancet 2004: 462-470. Print.
Murray, Laura K., Amanda Nguyen, and Judith A. Cohen. “Child Sexual Abuse.” Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 2014: 321-337. Print.
Wells, Kathryn. “Substance abuse and child maltreatment.” Pediatric clinics of North America 2009: 345-362. Print.