The roles of Security dimensions of eu enlargement
The roles of Security dimensions of EU enlargement
International relations are currently being reshaped by the world political landscape. There are currently new forms of power that are coming from Russia, which wants to get back its role as a global factor that is vital. Other powers are also re-emerging from Asia while the previous alliances and powers are critically being affected by the ongoing debates on the best way to deal with the strategic environment that is fast changing. The key alliances of security, which are, NATO and the whole of the transatlantic relations are trying to come to terms with the various consequences that might arise from the new processes of enlargement. Further, the relationships between the Atlantic allies are also changing to partners who have a common goal. The security dimensions in the EU enlargement have made it possible for new ventures to be undertaken to ensure stability, peace, market economy, democracy, and prosperity.
Democracy and Prosperity
The increased numbers of the EU has led to economic growth, prosperity, and democracy to nations that are coming from dictatorial regions. Democracy of the states has been paramount in EU, and there have been various regulations that have been set for new entrants to maintain it in the coming years (Koff 400). The EU places more importance to the liberalization of the agricultural and economic sectors to ensure a uniform outplay while dealing with other nations. The judicial systems have also been changed and various reforms instituted to allow for minimal corruption among nations to foster development and prosperity. Due to food safety rules that are applied to nations, most of them can sustain themselves and work hard towards developing their nations and the EU project as a whole (Higashino 348).
The rights of children are at the highest scale, while issues of organized crime, financial and economic crime have been deterred. Trafficking capabilities have also been thwarted in the past, and this has made movements from one region to another to be safe, leading to democracy and prosperity in the nations. The desire to maintain prosperity has also mandated the EU to protect and improve their environments, and this is particularly done in nuclear stations and waste management sections of the environment (Maier 250).
The EU members who are increasing by the day has led to the varied economic status of the project, and this has also increased the languages that spoken, due to the diverse nationalities that are represented by the EU. The dynamic status of the nations has led the EU through their security dimension facet to ensure different efforts of providing funds for purposes of democracy and prosperity. There are already different financial instruments that have been put in place for purposes of giving a hand to the new members who want to join the EU (Belyi 352).
Schimmelfennig confirms that the commission set aside 13.2 billion Euros between 2000 and 2003, as a resourceful fund that was supposed to help in their overwhelming expenditures. There were also 41 billion Euros that were provided between 2004 and 2006 for purposes of helping their new members in their quest to ensure proper agricultural provisions, nuclear safety, protection of boarders and infrastructure. Such provisions have lessened the burden of their security challenges and have ultimately helped in the quest to ensure democracy and prosperity among the member states (501).
The idea of globalization which is currently dynamic in nature, and the overall vulnerability of societies and states, has led to the demand of peace due to the various risks and threats that come as a result of terrorism, a proliferation of weapons, failing states and warfare (Moravcsik 50). The peace approach is currently broadened by social and ecological issues that affect peace and security. Peace has been an issue, and this has been brought out by the energy dependency from markets that are emerging, climate change and pressures of migration.
The environmental challenges that are changing are not only emerging from the US or Europe as nations, but also from their social, financial and political ties. The emerging challenges due to the diverse nature of the nations have made it possible for the EU to experience instances of conflicts leading to the new laws that promote peace and stability among the member states (Menon 76).
In the past, there was a major focus that was placed on the confrontations of NATO and war, due to the cold war. The present processes are currently characterized by networks that are interdependent in nature. Stability has been necessitated in nations due to the fight that is ongoing on terrorism, efforts of stabilization in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Gaza menace, the various approaches to deter North Korea and Iran from developing weapons of mass destruction. All such approaches have initiated to ensure stability in the EU fraternity (Liuhto 10).
The security facet of the EU has always demanded that nations joining them to follow various rules and regulations before they become members. Such constituted laws have been important as they have helped the union to stand firm and also increase the growth level of their members. The transfer of information and alliances has made poor nations achieve higher prosperity levels due to the minimal restrictions that are placed on their boarders while trading with others. Member states have been able to import and export their products and services, and this has made them increase their market economy in the long run. Nations joining the EU are supposed to have market economies that are functional and able to work through the various market forces and competitiveness that exist among the member states (Umbach, 1230).
New entrants to the EU have the advantage of operating from the EU market, and this has made them attract investments, and also promote their economics through the trade capabilities that are free in nature. Nations can have access to other consumers who are of higher income, and such capabilities have increased their market economy in the long run. The various funding from the EU has also made it possible for the nations in the EU to have increased infrastructure developments and job opportunities that are necessary for development (Schmitt 570).
The European Union’s ambitiousness and multidimensional nature have made it be likened to a process of political integration, and there is a need to ensure coherence through various security dimensions that have been set by the concerned nations. Peace, stability, democracy and economic development can only become possible if the member states focus fully to their security dimensions. The EU has a big challenge due to its coherence and heterogeneity, and this will certainly affect their regionalism and focus in the years to come. The enlargement policy of the EU has been to ensure unity among the European nations in a common economic and political standpoint, and the precepts of enlargement have clearly proved that it will be successful when promoting reforms and consolidating democracy, stability, and peace around the region.
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Higashino, a. “For the Sake of ‘Peace and Security’?: The Role of Security in the European Union Enlargement Eastwards.” Cooperation and Conflict 39.4 (2004): 347-368.
Koff, Harlan. “Security, Markets and Power: The Relationship Between EU Enlargement and Immigration.” Journal of European Integration 27.4 (2005): 397-415. Print.
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Maier, J., and B. Rittberger. “Shifting Europeʼs Boundaries: Mass Media, Public Opinion and the Enlargement of the EU.” European Union Politics 9.2 (2008): 243-267. Print.
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Schmitt, Hermann, and Jacques Thomassen. “The EU Party System after Eastern Enlargement.” Journal of European Integration 31.5 (2009): 569-587. Print.
Umbach, Frank. “Global energy security and the implications for the EU.” Energy Policy 38.3 (2010): 1229-1240.
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