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The advent of technology has taken millions of years and has transformed the human lives from a cave man to a more technological evolved human being. The journey has started with the innovation of fire that has put forward different grounds for casting and smelting of useful resources under the surface of Earth. Using those technological advents, humans have started to make complex and sophisticated computer infrastructure. With different hardware innovations, computers require some software as well to perform their tasks effectively, and a new era of computers have begun. Surely, the computers were not perfect at first. The users have faced some technical issues and bugs thereby allowing them with alternatives to mitigate those issues. For making computers more user-friendly, computers were equipped with different I/O and peripheral devices that can allow users to have better productivity and ease of performing different computer operations. The journey has not stopped yet. The human race has found a way for communicating using computers. For that, virtual networks were designed and implemented on a faster pace thereby allowing the human race to have more personalized interactions. For viewing contents, internet pages were formed, and this has opened pathways for different social networking websites. Soon enough, the computer has become an active part of society and terms like “surfing the internet” become quite common. Different institutes and organizations have also taken advantage of this very technological innovation. This development was not merely limited to government and private sectors; however, it has expanded towards different educational organizations. Nonetheless, this innovation was not welcomed by different telecommunication organizations within the United States and has also resulted in the temporary ban of the internet in the US.
A: Most of the historians believe that the fire was the first technological developed by a man around 500,000 years ago (History World, 2015).
A: Gray Murray Hopper recorded the first and foremost computer bug in her log-book of Harvard Mark II. It was the problem that was traced back to stuck of moth between machine’s relay (Computer History, 2015-b).
A: Computer mouse was invented by Douglas Engelbart at Stanford Research Institute (SRI) located in Menlo Park, California (Greenemeier, 2015, August 18). It was named mouse because it resembled a mouse having a tail (Computer History, 2015-a).
A: Ray Tomlinson has developed the use of @ symbol for e-mail addresses (Metz, 2015, July 30).
A: ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Networks) which was the United States Department of Defense network is referred to the “forerunner to the Internet” (Perry, 2012, August 5)
A: Jean Armour Polly has coined the term “surfing the Internet”; however, Brendan Kehoe has refined it to “net surfing” in June 1991 (University of Texas, 2015).
A: In the year 1996, Internet phones have caught the attention of different US telecommunication companies, and they have asked the Congress to ban the technology (Marshall, 2015)
A: Six Degree was the first social networking media site that was launched in 1997 and lasted till 2001 (Emu Prssa, 2012).
A: Around 200 universities in the United States have been connected with Internet2 in 2009 (Merit, 2015, September 3).
A: Sir Timothy Berners-Lee, KBE was recognized and knighted for his very creation of WWW (World Wide Web) on Friday, 16 July 2004 (W3C, 2015, July 16).
Computer History. (2015-a). The Mouse – CHM Revolution. Retrieved from http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/input-output/14/350
Computer History. (2015-b). This Day in History: September 9 | Computer History Museum. Retrieved from http://www.computerhistory.org/tdih/September/9/
Emu Prssa. (2012). A Forefather of Social Media: Andrew Weinreich and SixDegrees.com. Retrieved from http://emuprssa.com/2012/05/26/a-forefather-of-social-media-andrew-weinreich-and-sixdegrees-com/
Greenemeier, L. (2015, August 18). The Origin of the Computer Mouse. Scientific American. Retrieved from http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/origins-computer-mouse/
History World. (2015). History of Technology. Retrieved from http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab11
Marshall, D. (2015). History of the Internet: Timeline. Net Valley. Retrieved from http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
Merit. (2015, September 3). Merit Network. Retrieved from http://www.merit.edu/news/newsarchive/article.php?article=20090901_internet2
Metz, C. (2015, July 30). Meet the Man Who Put the ‘@’ in Your E-Mail. Wired. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/2012/07/ray-tomlinson-email/
Perry, M. (2012, August 5). The Real Internet Came from Spontaneous Order – AEI. AEI. Retrieved from http://www.aei.org/publication/the-real-internet-came-from-spontaneous-order/
The University of Texas. (2015). Hobbes’ Internet Timeline Internet history. Retrieved from http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/mitra/honors/timeline.html
W3C. (2015, July 16). Tim Berners-Lee, Inventor of the World Wide Web, Knighted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. Retrieved from http://www.w3.org/2004/07/timbl_knighted
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