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Nursing Journal Critique
Nursing Journal Critique
The authors of this research article are Ms. Anne Grogan and Ms. Fiona Timmins
Title of article
The title of the journal under critique is “Patients’ perceptions of information and support received from the nurse specialist during HCV treatment”
In this article, Hepatitis C Virus, or simply referred to as HCV in this article is discussed. The article identifies HCV as a world-wide problem and notes that the disease is treatable. The article informs that the HCV is a treatable disease with high treatment success rates. The article also specifies that even though the disease may be treatable and the statistics show high success rates in terms of treatment, the disease is associated with many side-effects that result from the treatment procedures and drugs. The many side-effects require that nurses offer the patients with information and the psychological support they need to deal adequately with these side-effects (Grogan & Timmins, 2010). Specialist nursing care is a necessity and little nursing research hitherto has been done in the area of the informational and psychological support necessary for the HCV patients while under treatment for the HCV. The journal article discusses the perceptions that patients have regarding the information they receive from the specialized nurses and the psychological support received from the nurses as well. The perceptions of the patients regarding the psychological and informational support received from the nurses are the main issues discussed by this journal article.
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study was to delve into a topic that has hitherto received little nursing research recognition and that is the informational and psychological need from specialized nurses handling treatment of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) patients (Mahajan et al., 2013). The aim of the study was to uncover the perceptions of the patients regarding the information and the psychological support they received from the specialist nurses (Grogan & Timmins, 2010).
Approach or Methods Used
The study used a quantitative descriptive design in its approach. A total of 106 patients diagnosed with the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) and undergoing outpatient clinic treatment were used in this study as the subjects for the study. A questionnaire was prepared to enable a collection of required data from the patients. The questionnaire had a total of 59 items that the HCV patients were required to provide insight into.
Hypothesis or Major Conclusions
In the results section, it was determined that the overall support was obtained from the nurses and well received by the patients. The patients were satisfied with the level of support they received from the nurses. The patients felt that advice on contraception while still under recovery was offered from the nurses and that it was well received. The patients, however, identified that there was little information provided regarding their sleep management which they had identified as a major issue during the treatment period. The paper had made assumptions that there would be differences in the level of satisfactions among the various categories such as gender, age, genotype, or risk factors. It was identified that there were no significant differences that could differentiate the classifications (Grogan & Timmins, 2010). The level of satisfaction was uniform among all the classifications.
However, there was a major difference in the genotype classification. It was identified that patients in genotype 1, who were ideally patients infected via blood, required more information regarding their quality of life, support groups and side-effects of the treatment. Among this group, the study identified a very low satisfaction rate. The study identified an information and support gap among this group and the need for more information and support targeting this group of patients. The major conclusions of this study were that it reinforced the need for information and support for patients undergoing HCV treatment, an emerging issue across the globe (Haley & Kreek, 2015). The study reiterated the need to have these services and the need to develop the services where they were non-existent. Finally, the study identified a research gap in informational and support need for particular sub-categories of patients, the genotype 1 group, and identified that this group of patients needed more information and support than was presently being offered. The study suggested more research into this area and recognition of the fact that different groups of patients may have different informational and support needs (Arora et al., 2011).
The title of the article, “patient’s perceptions of information and support received from the nurse specialist during HCV treatment” identifies the purpose of the study and the affected people by the issue in question. In this case, the specialist nurses are identified as a group that is responsible for disseminating information and support to HCV patients. From the title it is clear that the study intends to gather the opinion of the patients undergoing HCV patients regarding the information they receive from the specialist nurses and whether they are satisfied with the amount and level of information received. Therefore, the title is clear and appropriate.
The abstract of the article provides a summary of the article. The summary contains the aims of the study, it provides the background literature that inspired the study, the study design is identified, the method of the study is mentioned, a summary of the results are listed and briefly explained, and a summary of the main conclusion is quoted. The abstract is a fair and accurate description of the entire article and is, therefore, a perfect representative of the entire article.
In the introduction, the article provides background information on the Hepatitis C Virus, how the disease is diagnosed and the various issues and challenges that the diagnosis of the disease has globally. The issues discussed in the introduction focus on providing a background picture of the disease and issues concerning its diagnosis. The purpose of the article, however, is to determine the perception of the patients receiving the HCV treatment regarding the informational and psychological support received from specialist nurses. The purpose of the article’s study is not the main focus of the introduction and is not clearly identified. The introduction, therefore, fails to define clearly the purpose of the study and fails in this respect.
The information provided regarding the HCV disease, its challenges in terms of diagnosis checks out. It means that the researchers provided accurate data in their study. Accurate data is necessary for researchers to be able to provide accurate conclusions, as well as to establish sound arguments foe their study. In this sense, the journal article is well stocked with accurate information inspired by peer-reviewed references. The interpretation of the information throughout the article is also accurate.
Throughout the paper, the researchers identify key references that they have identified and used in establishing their own study. The information used and the references quoted are optimally used and relevant to the study in question. The information regarding different populations and the prevalence of the HCV is relevant in helping determine the various factors affecting the diagnosis and the perception of the patients.
Before embarking on the research, the researchers had assumptions that they used to focus their research and to guide their research. Assumptions help guide research (Cioe et al., 2013). Among the assumptions was that factors such as age, gender and risk factors affected the level of informational need and support need among the patients. The study, in its conclusion, refutes this hypothesis and identifies that these factors are inconsequential in affecting the informational and psychological support need of the HCV patients.
The study design used in this article was of quantitative and descriptive nature. For this kind of study, the chosen type of research design is perfect. The experimental methods used were adequate. For instance, the researchers issued 156 questionnaires. They received 106 questionnaires back on which their analysis and conclusions are made. The response rate was good and adequate for the study purposes. The questionnaire method was chosen because of lack of better survey methods and was, therefore, adequate for this kind of study.
In terms of objectivity, the authors remained objective throughout their article. The objective of the article was to determine the perceptions of patients undergoing HCV treatment. To this end, the study required that the researchers obtain information on the HCV diagnosis, its prevalence, and other issues that affect the adequate provision of health care to infected patients. Throughout the article, the authors remain objective on their study and the information provided is adequate and enabled them to make the conclusions of the article.
Arora, S., Thornton, K., Murata, G., Deming, P., Kalishman, S., Dion, D., … & Qualls, C. (2011). Outcomes of treatment for hepatitis C virus infection by primary care providers. New England Journal of Medicine, 364(23), 2199-2207.
Cioe, P. A., Stein, M. D., Promrat, K., & Friedmann, P. D. (2013). A Comparison of Modified Directly Observed Therapy to Standard Care for Chronic Hepatitis C. Journal of community health, 38(4), 679-684.
Grogan, A., & Timmins, F. (2010). Patients’ perceptions of information and support received from the nurse specialist during HCV treatment. Journal of clinical nursing, 19(19‐20), 2869-2878.
Haley, S. J., & Kreek, M. J. (2015). A Window of Opportunity: Maximizing the Effectiveness of New HCV Regimens in the United States With the Expansion of the Affordable Care Act. American journal of public health, 105(3), 457-463.
Mahajan, R., Liu, S. J., Klevens, R. M., & Holmberg, S. D. (2013). Indications for testing among reported cases of HCV infection from enhanced hepatitis surveillance sites in the United States, 2004–2010. American journal of public health, 103(8), 1445-1449.