The proper response by American colonists concerning the standing presence of British officials and soldiers (1701-1775)
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The American Colonists’ Response to the British Landing in Boston
One of the events that led to the American Revolution was the Boston Landing, and all the consequences it ensued. The siege of Boston was the culmination of a series of events that widened the gap between the Colonies and the British Empire. The discomfort had existed before, but after the Townshend Acts, the colony was almost entirely against the British Empire. (Allen 3). The British troops that came to the governor’s aid were regarded as invaders, rather than troops that had come to help them in a time of need. Before, when troops came to the city, it was to repel a foreign menace. This time, it was to pacify the colony. Also, the Bostonians felt betrayed and repulsed as they did not deem necessary, nor correct of the Empire to send armed troops into a community of farmers (Allen 4). To many historians, the landing in Boston was one of the first struggles of the Independence War and precedes the birth of the United States of America.
In this essay, we aim to show to show the importance of the Boston landing, to show a coherent and cohesive picture on a subject that holds great significance for the country, and its history. To keep the discussion flowing, we aim to separate the essay to address each part separately and create a greater picture of the historical situation.
Key Individuals. There were many key individuals concerning the events of the Boston Landing. Nevertheless, to do something more than to name them, we shall focus on the figures of the opposing commanders. George Washington for the Patriots; and Thomas Gage for the British Army. Upon the Boston landing, the enraged colony struggled with the British occupation, which caused the battle of Lexington and Concord. After the battle, the Patriots considered that the need for a commander was greater, and appointed George Washington, a seasoned man who had fought alongside Gage in the Indian wars and knew his ways (Raphael 30). On the other hand, Gage’s appointment was largely a political one. The man had commanded troops in the colonies but was known as a skilled administrator rather than a skilled general, and all the expeditions he took part in ended with disastrous consequences (USAF 39)
Events. The landing of British troops in the Boston colony due to the Townshend Acts created a sentiment of anger toward the British government. The sentiment, and the Boston occupation by the Empire troops and led to the Revolutionary War.
Acts. We can separate the actions in three different periods. The first, in 1767, with the ensuing of the Townshend Acts. The second, with the landing of British troops in the Colony of Massachusetts, in 1768. Moreover, the third, in 1770 with the massacre of Boston, an event that sparked the anti-British sentiment in all the thirteen colonies.
Period. The events range from 1767 to 1770
Why the Debate was initiated? There was no such thing as a debate per se. Nevertheless, in a strict sense, the acts sparked a sentiment that accompanied most of the American colonists from that moment to the final independence of the country. If we were to see it in terms of a debate, there were a substantial amount of discussion concerning the issue of being a self-ruling province or full part of the Empire. In that way, actions such as the Townshend acts, acts that imposed duties on products of the colony. In that way, what began as an increase of the taxes, turned into a full revolution.
Who won and why? In a strict sense, seeing the outcome of the Revolutionary War, we could say that the American Colonists won. We shall briefly analyze that victory. In political terms, the Townshend Acts were a demonstration of force that failed, as the Boston landing did. If the British had not done it, it might have stalled the Revolutionary War. Socially, it changed the outline of the thirteen colonies since it sparked an anti-British sentiment and a feeling of an American identity, opposed to a colonial identity under the British Empire. Economically, the tax impositions, and all they ensued, bolstering the willing of a full independence from an Empire they perceived as a damaging the colonies.
Which concerns were the motivation of the debate? As we said already, the main concern of the debate was the landing of the British troops in the colony of Massachusetts, and the rejection and anger it ensued.
As we could see, the start of the Revolutionary War was not a single event that marked the beginning of the struggle. The events that led to the war were many, and those we signaled in the essay are of great transcendence. In this way, we can see a colony tired of what they perceive as oppression, a colony that is mostly composed of farmers, being subject to a military occupation. This anger, along with the unfair measures were taken by the British crown, concerning the colonies led to a war that ended with the independence of the thirteen colonies and the creation of the United States of America.
French, Allen. The Siege of Boston. Spartanburg, S.C.: [Reprint], 1969. Print.
Military History of the American Revolution. U.S. Air Force Academy, 1976. Print.
Raphael, Ray. The First American Revolution: Before Lexington and Concord. New York: New :, 2002. Print.