The Problem of Evil
The problem of evil is an epistemic question that forms the basis of an argument on whether the world contains objectionable states of affairs that provide the foundation for debates that makes it irrational developing the belief in the existence of the deity. Arguments on the problem can normally be explored from either incompatibility formulations or the inductive formulations. The argument from evil emphasizes the idea that the world seems to contain a situation that is bad or unwanted or situations that can be prevented by a being that has the capability to do as such. This line of argument begins by questioning whether the existence of the situation described above can be reconciled with the existence of God. This line of thought can be developed in two different formats. First, it can be developed as an entirely deductive proposition that looks to determine that there is given information on the evil that exists in the world that can be logically irreconcilable with the existence of God. A rather robust first line of thought attempts in setting up a claim that it is logically difficult for a case that there is any existence of evil, and at the same time, God exists (Kushner 21). Conversely, instead of being developed as a logical argument for the strong claim that it is deductively difficult for God and evil to exist, is the argument that evil can be developed in an evidential format that evil actually exists that makes it unlikely or likely that God exists. A loving and caring God is not consistent with the evil that perseveres in this world. Hence, the problem of evil is associated with what seems to be a contradiction with the idea of God. God is the being described as an all-powerful, and yet he does give room for evil to persist, this is a problem, one that needs to be reexamined, and it is the problem that underscores the idea of God, particularly in religions that are dominant in the Western countries such as Greece.
The Logical Problem of Evil
Hence, the problem of evil is a complex one to the entire foundation of the belief system in God, as it is logically irreconcilable with the existence of an all-powerful, moral, omniscient and omnipotent God. Formulation of an argument from an angle of evil in terms of just the presence of any evil if they exist implies abstraction to the highest level possible from every in of information on the evils that exists in the world, and hence assumption is the only way, in fact, such information cannot be important for any argument. There are two facets of the problem of evil, and they can be either apologetic or philosophical. This means that if God is willing to stop evil, and is unable, then God cannot be omnipotent, rather impotent. Secondly, if God is able, but unwilling to prevent evil, then the only conclusion is that God is malevolent. Third, If God is both willing and able to prevent evil, but the evil is said to exist. A logical problem of evil is based on the premise that a god and al powerful God cannot exist in the midst of suffering and evil.
The Evidential Problem of Evil
Even though most people might contend in the belief in a powerful and good God is rationally plausible, nevertheless, many people agree that the existence of that God is impossible because of the character of the evil that people experience in their daily life. Hence, it can be concluded that the existence of such a God is not that likely, as the God would allow the level and intensity of evil that people experience in the world. Evil that often seems to be of such a pointless character. That charge should not be considered lightly, as evidence is plentiful in this world of evil of such an atrocious level that it is often a problem to consider the purpose that evil serve.
It is important to make a distinction between four dissimilar categories of an argument considering the problem of evil. One such argument considers imperfection; then natural evil, then moral evil and finally the unbelief (Budziszewski 57). The following four arguments present varying problem for a theist to provide a genuine explanation, however, a varying ground for believing that atheism is true intersects in a common area. The four arguments are also mutually consistent, and they can frequently be suggested together. One of the four arguments of evil commences with the assertion that if God exists then the world would attain a given standard. The standard expected is different from varying form of the argument with each every one asserting that the evil, proposed as unbelief, imperfect, natural evil, and moral evil cannot be in existence in the world designed and created by the all-powerful God (Forde 67). The four arguments appeal to the nature of God, and if God does exists, then he is benevolent, omniscient and omnipotent. Then it can be proposed that God would have full knowledge that the earth would meet a certain expected standard. God is powerful and could just bring the expected standard, as he knows and able. A claim can be made that the world contains evil, and it does not attain the standard that it would have certainly attained had God existed. Hence, the four arguments assert respectively that the universe is not perfect, and contains both the natural and moral evil, and it contains the unbelief. Hence, the conclusion from each of the argument follows a respective assertion that God does not exist, and the problem of evil, can then be presented in the following logical format.
The Problem of Evil
If God exists, then he must be omnipotent, perfectly good and omniscient
And if the God has all these attributes, perfectly good, omniscient and omnipotent, then the world would not harbor any evil
But, the world harbors evil,
Hence, God does not exist.
There are underlying solutions to the problem of evil, there are certain solutions that are general, and they apply in equal measure to all the different forms. It can be argued, for example, that God is not morally good, and this means that the first premise off the argument on the problem is evil is then considered as false. The third can be too being brought under scrutiny; there are people who deny evil exists. If one or two of the solutions can be successful, then one can declare that every form of the arguments on the problem of evil is false.
Budziszewski, Janusz. What we can’t not know: A guide. Ignatius Press, 2011.
Forde, Gerhard O. “On being a theologian of the cross.”Reflections on Luther’s Heidelberg Disputation 1518 (1997).
Kushner, Harold S. The book of Job: when bad things happened to a good person. Schocken, 2012.