The Epilogue of Tempest
The Tempest, which was written by Shakespeare, is thought to be the last play by the author. Its setting is set on an Island, in a place where Prospero plans to take her daughter back to her place. The literally work by Shakespeare provides illusions, manipulations which are seen as dreams. The epilogue of the Tempest indicates Prospero in the stage pleading with the crowd to free him. He explains that he has stopped using magic and has forgiven those who injured him. Once he is freed, Prospero can then leave for Naples. Therefore, the crowd answering to his plea applauds as a sign of freedom to Prospero, who has now pardoned those who have hurt him: he then bows and leaves the stage. The paper explains the reasons why Prospero decided to be sorry to the audience having displayed the magic and the reason he feels indebted to forgive those who have wronged him. It also indicates the significance of dreams and the effect of the theatre on viewers of a play. Prospero is a good man who deserves crowd forgiveness as he states in his epilogue.
At the beginning of the play, Prospero appears to be arrogant and rude, notable on how he treats Caliban and Ariel. Prospero’s magic is the white magic of nature and he uses it to destroy his enemies when they appear on a ship. His magic is well illustrated as he creates a storm and brings them under his control. Prospero is a good man, and this is evident on how he is a beneficent ruler and he does not rush into hurting is enemies. For instance, he identifies Antonio as a traitor but does not treat him as one. He even prevents Alonso from apologizing to Miranda hence it is evident that Prospero is fair and just, additionally he is wise.
The epilogue shows his humility to have the audience have the final decision on what he had done to the people and his enemies especially by use of magic. Theater, therefore, has a significant role on viewers as it makes them develop opinions and decisions on the matters present. As a result, Prospero gives away his magic coat so that he has no control whatsoever and showing that he has stopped the practice (Shakespeare and Kermode 26).
Dreams are crucial in the play as they assist the characters and viewers to make use of different metaphors. Prospero is well illustrated as a spiritual, redemption and good will narrative. Well, at the beginning of the play there is a contradiction on how forgiveness should be illustrated. This is well illustrated the way Prospero handles his enemy and has the desire to revenge. However towards the end he embraces forgiveness even though vengeance is dormant in Prospero in the years of banishment, the wrongs of twelve years. Prospero transforms and he is always responding saying love your enemies and “if you beheld them, you affection become softened.” (Shakespeare and Davidson 225).
In the end, Prospero buries the book that is seen as a turning point and is said to show the limits of art and the embracing of faith. Prospero redemption and reformation has been used by Martin Luther King in understanding of the Christians redemption. However, some critics believe that Tempest explains colonialist control and underlings of Prospero and his strict rule of his daughter’s sexuality to show political themes and colonial abuses.
Additionally, he used power and corrupted by lust of more supernatural authority and power which is a selfish desire, that later leads him to dark corner of the kingdom where he seeks to amplify his power and to become wiser. Prospero used magic to gain power and rule people without fear and to have his enemies know he is controlling a trick that is well used by the colonialist to subdue their subjects and let them have the fear of the rulers. Tempest could be used as a Christian book to explain ideal transformation and forgiveness even if one lived a not so pleasing life in the beginning, rather as a colonial example.
Witches Role in Tempest
In Shakespeare’s book Tempest, the plot revolves around Prospero revenge to anyone who had done him wrong. Prospero has several methods to get to his foes, but he ensures that there is no direct involvement. For instance, he uses Ariel to do his dirty duties while he is concealing his involvement in shipwrecking his daughter Miranda and his brother Antonio. As the Duke of Milan, Duke seeks revenge against Caliban and Antonio. During the ranging storm he asks Ariel to separate Duke Alonso’s brother from his son, this makes Sebastian assume his son drowned. According to Prospero, revenge is best when he lives a good life and having his enemy watches it (Shakespeare and Kermode 27).
Prospero was a powerful man and he used magic power and discrimination to rule. The use of magic which was nature oriented and not black magic as the one that was used before gave him an advantage to seek vengeance by causing storm when his enemies were approaching and caused the boat to capsize. It is noted that Caliban was a native man, therefore being from a different culture Prospero used him as his subject, therefore imposing colonial imperialist imposition (Morales-Díaz 21).
The explanation for discriminating Caliban was cultural and racial difference. Caliban’s character is shaped by the use of labels given by others. He experiences stereotypes from even ruler Prospero, who often is their spokesman due to a language barrier. Caliban decides to overlook stereotypes and believes what he sees in the eyes of Prospero as what the world looks like.
Magic was highly used during the time Prospero is in that island as the ruler. Some of the powerful magicians included Caliban’s mother Sycorax, who was a vicious and powerful witch. Her magic, just like Prospero’s was used to control nature such that she could control the moon. She also, like Prospero used magic to rule though for her she manipulated the chief rulers like Ariel and sometimes even prisoned him.
Prospero and Sycorax are defined and presented as a contrasting pair: the rapacious Sycorax and the benevolent Prospero. However, their methods to control magic make them work together. For instance, they both coerce Ariel to bidding to regain his inheritance as a Duke, and at one point they both torture Caliban with their magic. This similarity causes the opposition between them to be less and, therefore, unnoticeable (Morales-Díaz 27).
Other than Sycorax and Prospero there is another witch named Mcbeth whose work is dominated by evil, darkness and death. Mcbeth words though full of evil and darkness, shine with purpose. Prospero does not use his magic to harm people but only his enemies, unlike Mcbeth whose magic is the just darkness that scares people. Prospero appears as a good magician who gave up his ruling power to Milan, unlike Mcbeth, who was seeking the crown and instead was crushed by Richard II.
It is noted that magic was not any gender biased therefore men and women could have. Each wizard has some his or her way of using the magic. Therefore, it is wrong to say that magic being in the hands of a woman is dangerous. Sycorax used her magic very well, unlike Mcbeth, a male who has committed his magic to evil.
Morales-DiÌaz, Enrique. Reinaldo Arenas, Caliban, And Postcolonial Discourse. Amherst, N.Y.: Cambria Press, 2009: 21-24. Print.
Shakespeare, William, and Diane Davidson. The Tempest. New Hyde Park, N.Y.: Swan Books, a division of Learning Links Inc., 2001: 225-240. Print.
Shakespeare, William, and Frank Kermode. The Tempest. London: Methuen, 1964: 21-26. Print.
Shakespeare, William, and Frank Kermode. The Tempest. London: Methuen, 1964: 27-64. Print.
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