Roman History

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Roman History

Category: Scholarship Essay

Subcategory: History

Level: High School

Pages: 3

Words: 825

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Analysis of Plutarch Parallel Lives
Source Critique
Parallel Lives are a collection of work by Plutarch is the best known, and include a compilation of biographies of great Roman and Greek figures. Plutarch lived approximately five hundred years after the death of most of the people he penned down their biographies. He had gained access to a number sources, although all these have been lost, and they included Cleitharchus, the Royal Diary, Aristobulus, Ptolemy, Callisthenes, and Onesicritus. Moreover, there were claims that he read different letters by Alexander and other high public officials; however, there was no proof that the letters were genuine. The sources were unreliable, and Plutarch had full knowledge that the sources were erratic, and there were complains that time clouds the truth that existed in the past, and contemporary writers mask and shape truth out of adulation and malevolence. Throughout the translations of the works, it is quite noticeable that Plutarch relies on phase it is said to advise his readers in areas that he was unsure on the credibility of the source and story.
Several history experts agree that the work remains the best-known and surviving source of the historical figures, and throughout the time they were published they provided new information to people thought existed only through myth. The works show Plutarch’s interests in history, having a defined character (Plutarch, Philip and Robin 100). The historical information that is espoused in the work is described in the first paragraph in the life of Aemilius Paulus, a Roman, in which he describes the historical angle of his work as a mirror and in a manner that fashions and adorns his life to conform to the virtues in the work. For Plutarch, history could be compared to a theater of morals, whereby great leaders rise and fall each with their weaknesses and strengths. The ‘Lives’ seem subjective and focus on unearthing stories, and in the work, history is not displayed as a set of large and mechanistic systems, rather a platform to understand the nature of great people, and how they influenced events
Construction of the Argument
History is not a science, and legitimate objectivity cannot be created in absolute form. History must encompass a perspective, an angle of presentation, a particular system of analysis, and a pattern of conjectures. It seems that the tradition of penning down a historical biography in the past world does not perfectly apply to the present perceptions. Explicit information was often packed with completely whatsoever a biographer heard had happened o any other information that a writer overheard people discussed. Experts have poked holes into biographies citing some inconsistencies. Plutarch, it seems was fond of patching up different information even on a single individual without checking on the reliability of the source that he had relied on, and Lucullus has been cited as the most inconsistent story of the other lives. Furthermore, various suggestion points out that Parallel Lives that have been staged during the late Republic in Rome had relied on some sources that do not currently exist. The information was developed mainly from the Sallust’s Histories, which have survived to date, albeit in fragmented forms. On the other hand, Polio penned down history as far back as the first century BC, and his information wee extensively used by Plutarch, although they have not survived to date so as to verify their authenticities.
Amongst scholars, the point when a certain point of view becomes more rational, it is considered troublesome. People’s thoughts on the short and irrational histories associated with the leadership triumphs in the work are enigmatic, albeit sensible intricacies. In actual sense, a perspective one should barely consider scientific, and can be as low as anything a person can barely imagine. It carries less magic than for instance an opinion carried through a latter. Every sane individual all over the globe has a perspective, an individual’s point of view, and the angle of reference. It provides the system through which people decipher situations facing them. A thing provides each and every individual with the power to link each different parts of human beings in the form of experience in life and confidence together. People use the minds to convey the mental picture of the world, their subjective perception of the external reality. The work is a show of impossibility given the resources at his disposal given the presumptions that Rome was conceived of Greece, and the Hellenas Honorus was the direct ancestor of Pax Romana. The ‘Parallel Lives’ is a collection of 25 true accounts, and each incorporates the profiles of a Roman to Greek legend, and in 18 of such completes a relationship of the two is incorporated. Incorporated to the work are some memoirs on the thought providing a sought of inauthentic and includes the interesting presentation of Galba, Otho, Artaxerxes, and Aratus.
Argument Critique
The examinations and distinctions that make the work of Plutarch be of such importance, and his view of the governments in are present in their kinds, from varying autocracies to the agnostic populist government (Duff 22). Then from ones that are known to be of military oppressive to republics, and even though these exists, the individual characters that are at play worries and interests him the most. More importantly, the accentuation seems to be more addressed to the modern students, and in spite of the fact that under no illusions over his religion, the readers can regard him with higher respect. With a certain level of remedy, the author converted into an interesting system of presentation of liberties, freedom, and other thoughts on modern civic dispositions without showing the slightest percept.
Counter Argument
A perspective can be thought of as a guide that illuminates reality, and much like every other guide, a perspective may suit what is real, or can be horribly deceptive. The guide cannot be construed to be the world alone, and a mere perception, might be clearly in some areas and misrepresent some other areas (Alexander and Steve 21). Nonetheless, every individual is drawn to the guide, and in each person’s mental patterns, they follow the guide. Every other reasoning presumes the guide, yet major experiences of people fit into the guide. Essentially, a perspective is a method that a person may use to survey the world. Plutarch does not provide any affection of the so-called investigational objectivity in the ‘Parallel Lives’. Instead, a feeling of mission exists in the texts, as he had gotten his work cut out and delivered within realms of his source and strength. In this way, Plutarch attempted to be thorough and exact and genuine as much as he could given the circumstances and sought of stopped from having control the information for his conclusions. Every other factor took consideration, he develops a surreal reason. Plutarch work must be appreciated for using several defunct historical sources that have failed to survive to date.
Works Cited
Alexander, Loveday, and Steve Walton. Reading Acts Today: Essays in Honour of Loveday C.a. Alexander. London: T & T Clark, 2011. Print.
Duff, Tim. Plutarch’s Lives: Exploring Virtue and Vice. Oxford [England: Clarendon Press, 1999. Print.
Plutarch, , Philip A. Stadter, and Robin Waterfield. Roman Lives: A Selection of Eight Roman Lives. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. Internet resource.