Punishment in criminology
There are many methods used in punishment and they involve retribution, incapacitation, restitution, and rehabilitation as the goals and theories of punishment. When the four are applied in the correct way possible, there will result in a big benefit for all parties involved as the authority will have achieved the goals and the offenders would have been corrected, (“Critical criminology companion,” 2008). In the retribution and deterrence aspects, all forms of punishment are involved.
Rationale behind the topic
The principle of punishment has a specific goal of offering corrections to offenders. The scope of the research makes a lot of sense since correction is necessary and punishments are meant to adjust bad situations back to normalcy. In the world of criminology, punishment is an act done to correct a person, (Gerstenfeld, 2008). The things imposed on the person are undesirable and unwanted as they are painful at times to the person on the receiving end. In this ways, offenders are “deterred” from unwanted conducts and acts that will incriminate them. There are two main theories of punishment; the utilitarian and the retributive perspectives, (Hoefnagels, & Hoefnagels,1973). Those in authority always decide what to do to a person to keep them off doing mistakes. Incapacitation involves incarceration, arrests, and penalties. Rehabilitation entails all sorts of mandatory counseling and counsel…
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