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psychological disorder

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psychological disorder

Category: Movie Review

Subcategory: Psychology

Level: College

Pages: 5

Words: 1375

Psychological disorders
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Abstract
Psychological disorder is a wide topic. There are different classifications of the psychological disorders. This paper, however, focuses on offering adequate information to the reader on three types of disorders namely emotion regulation, neurological disorder and body dysmorphic disorder. The paper discusses the characteristics of each of the three disorders. Ways of managing the disorders are also clearly elaborated.

Introduction
More often than not, many people don’t understand the difference between mental disorder and Psychological disorders. We shall examine the meaning of each and the difference between the two. According to Templin & Henson (2006) Psychological disorders are broadly explained as the psychological dysfunction in a person. The person is usually impaired or distressed, and the reaction they give is unexpected to the culture. On the other hand, mental disorder is a broader area that takes all the mental health conditions that may affect an individual’s thinking, behavior, or even their mood (Melville et al. 2010). According to Stein et al. (2010) psychological disorders fall under mental disorders, since in they affect a person’s thinking and behavior in most times.
Background
After reading different sources, it is evident that different people’s reactions vary when confronted by different situations. Looking at Captain Sullenberg’s situation, it is amazing how well he handles the issues. It is possible to have experience in a particular field. But once there is pressure to do something, in most cases, people lose their cool. Panic makes one unable to make a certain critical decision. A person in that state may know what they can do to save the situation. However, their emotions may hinder them from undertaking roles that they should undertake at the particular time. Therefore understanding How Captain Sullenberg managed the situation and had everybody on board safe is important.
A second scenario is of the neurological disorder. The disorder made a musician compose “Bolero”, and sixty-six years later, an artist painted the same. Repetitive behavior is a characteristic of the neurological disorder. Anne Adams, the painter, translated an orchestral piece into the canvas. She used bars in her representation for volume and note quality. She also used color in her representation to show the pitch. The use of the different aspects showed repetition instances in the song. The difference in the color is evidence of dramatic and sudden climax.
There is a third case where a psychological disorder leads to suicide. Robert’s mother, Maria, tells a story of how her son committed suicide as a result of being too cautious about his looks. She explains that the son began having issues with his looks in his early teenage years. He had some surgeries done on him to help him get the look he always wanted. He, however, wished to reverse his last surgery, but it was quite expensive. He used a different method that did not give him the expected results. He, therefore, chose to commit suicide. What we want to see is why people’s emotions lead them to behave in a particular way.
Literature Review
There are many works that have are written about psychological disorders. These works have sometimes left readers wondering the difference or the relationship between mental disorders and psychological disorders (Weiten, 2007). The information is sometimes provided but is general about different psychological disorders (Harvey, 2004). What makes this paper important is that it specifies and talks about three specific types of disorders. According to Barlow, (2014) it is important to educate people about the different psychological disorders. It will help to reduce stigmatization, as well as help those living with people with the disorders understand their family members and friends and offer the required help. It intends to avail adequate information to the reader on the three different disorders.
Discussions
Psychology is quite broad. This paper, however, focuses on how emotions can cause different reactions in different people. From the above scenarios, we see that the three victims have been led to do particular things by their emotions. Some have managed to handle their emotions right while others have failed to. The issue of emotions, therefore, narrows down to self-control. If one can handle their emotions right, in particular, situations, it means that they have self-control but when they can’t, the vice versa is also true.
According to the American Psychiatric Association (2013) different researches done showed that humans can be manipulated to think in a particular way. People manipulate people in different ways, and they sometimes do it unknowingly. When there is manipulation involved, most people make decisions that they wouldn’t have made on their own. For instance, depleting an individual’s ego often makes the individual appear as a victim since they think in a direction that was led by somebody else.
When it comes to somebody whose ego hasn’t been depleted, the results are quite different. This person makes sober decisions and gives genuine responses to different situations. When faced with particular situations, this person will react as though nobody is watching them or as if nobody cares about what they are doing. However, for the person whose ego has been depleted, they often react to suit particular orders or to please certain persons (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
Analysis of psychological disorders
Classifications of different psychological disorders
There are different psychological disorders such as the neurological disorder. One characteristic of the disorder is a change in musical and artistic taste. Repetitive behavior is another of its characteristics. In the “Bolero” case, in three hundred and forty musical bars, melodically themes were repeated for eight times.
Another class involves emotion regulation. In this case, an individual can act past their emotions at the moment. When emotions get over somebody, in most cases, people lose control of the situations, which is a very normal reaction. There are a few people, however, who can take control of situations despite having the emotions.
A third classification is the body dysmorphic disorder. Physical appearance insecurity is a characteristic of the disorder. These people tend to have a low self-esteem. A small comment from somebody, or if they notice something on their body, despite how small, they take huge decisions such as undergoing surgery to help boost their appearance. These people are so sensitive to comments made based on their appearance.
In most cases, the psychological disorders are not treatable but manageable. Though not clinically proven, people with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) have claimed that trained dogs help them with the disorder. The dogs sense when an individual is in panic or when something isn’t right it gives a reaction that reassures the individual that all is fine.
There are also other methods of managing psychological disorders such as psychological counseling, using medication as well as the use of focus groups. The method chosen to manage a particular disorder is chosen depending on the classification of the disorder.
There is another issue that is quite outstanding about the care of the patients. Some doctors and medical practitioners sometimes fail to refer to the patients with the disorders as simply “patients,” but rather use their type of disorder to refer to them. This habit should be discouraged in all ways. Patients should always be referred to as patients, or the practitioners can just use the patients’ names while referring to them.
When the patients are referred to by their condition, it lowers their self-esteem. It also gives them an impression that the outside world doesn’t view them as normal patients with the everyday medical problems, but as people with abnormal issues. It also makes it hard for them to open up to their doctors, which in the long run slows down the treatment process. When the patients’ medical condition is kept between them and the doctors, they feel secure to inform doctors of any issues encountered, thus helping solving issues more urgently before they progress.
Conclusion
There exists a relationship between mental and psychological disorders. The psychological disorder is a class under the mental disorders. There are many different types of psychological disorder. Focusing on only three of psychological disorders; emotion regulation, neurological disorder and body dysmorphic disorder helps us learn more on each one of them. We can understand the characteristics of each disorder and how they can be managed.

References
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental
disorders. Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Barlow, D. H. (Ed.). (2014). Clinical handbook of psychological disorders: A step-by-step
treatment manual. Guilford publications.
Harvey, A. G. (2004). Cognitive behavioural processes across psychological disorders: A
transdiagnostic approach to research and treatment. Oxford University Press.
Melville, K. M., Casey, L. M., & Kavanagh, D. J. (2010). Dropout from Internet‐based treatment
for psychological disorders. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 49(4), 455-471.
Stein, D. J., Phillips, K. A., Bolton, D., Fulford, K. W. M., Sadler, J. Z., &Kendler, K. S. (2010).
What is a mental/psychiatric disorder? From DSM-IV to DSM-V. Psychological
medicine, 40(11), 1759-1765.
Templin, J. L., & Henson, R. A. (2006). Measurement of psychological disorders using cognitive
diagnosis models. Psychological methods, 11(3), 287.
Weiten, W. (2007). Psychology: Themes and Variations: Themes And Variations. Cengage
Learning.

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