probation. unit 2
Probation. Unit 2
The probation population in the United States today
Community-based programs are an option to the institutional placements and criminals are kept out of jails, state, federal and private prisons (Siegel & Bartollas, 2014). Currently, there is an approximated 6, 899, 00 individuals under the adult correctional system’s supervision. This is a decrease of 41, 500 from 6,940,500 in the previous year. This decrease in the number of people under correctional supervision systems during the past year is the highest since the year 2003, taking it to below 6.9 million. This decrease in the population during the previous year (down 0.6 percent) was less than one percent for the second consecutive year; that is down from two percent in the year 2012 when the fastest annual decrease in the number was experienced (Epstein, Martin, Segal & Westerland, 2015). An estimated one out of 35 persons in the country was under some sort of correctional supervision system at the end of the previous year. The top five states with the highest number of probation persons are Georgia, Idaho, Massachusetts, Texas and Columbia. One of the major crimes that lead to probation is violence.
Trends leading to Intermediate sanctions in the 1980s
As the country moved from the period 1980s into the 1990s, three major national trends came up within the criminal justice. The first one is the belief or assumption that the prisons were being overused for the crimina…
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