Ocean pollution occurs when excess harmful materials or particles contaminate water in an ocean. These harmful materials may include oil, chemicals, plastics, and sewage, among others. They often bring about harmful effects on marine life and human beings that use the water for different purposes. Often, ocean pollutants emanate from land but, they may also come from marine transport in the ocean (Goel 2). Ocean pollution from land arises when human beings dump waste materials near water bodies. These materials are swept off by the water thus greatly spreading in the water. Also, sometimes rainwater may wash away nitrogenous chemicals toward the water bodies (Hofer 10). This paper examines the ways in which the United States of America, China, and Indonesia have managed to deal with ocean pollution.
In the USA, there have been various solutions proposed to curb ocean pollution. It is salient that most industries are the greatest sources of water pollution. For this reason, the US government advocated for the instigation of harsh policies on industrial and manufacturing processes. In point of fact, the government has prohibited potential business people from situating industries near water bodies. Additionally, industries have been prohibited from emptying their waste material in water bodies. The USA also created a great emphasis on recycling processes. As prior mentioned, plastics are among the harmful material that may cause marine pollution. For this reason, the US advocated for the recycling of such plastics. The nation has also depicted that recycled plastic is more valuable thus increasing these processes (Faure, Michael, Lixin Han & Hongjun Shan 77).
China is among the leading countries in marine pollution. The nation has secured the topmost position in possession of plastic waste. It is necessary to note that the country has largely imported plastic remains from the USA. However, some of those remains cannot be recycled thus end up in the landfills of China. These waste materials that accumulate in the landfills are often swept off into water bodies causing pollution. Consequently, China’s government has set tight restrictions regarding imports of the USA plastic remains. Moreover, China initiated a plan to embark on cleaning the contaminated water bodies (Faure et al. 79-81). The government of China speculates that the plan will soon yield best results.
In Indonesia, there is an immense deal of marine pollution from industrial waste. Most of the industries emanate waste material and deposit them in water bodies. There is no law in Indonesia that prohibits industries from the pollution of water bodies. Nonetheless, there are certain measures that were taken by the nation in an attempt to decrease pollution. In 2014, there were various water rehabilitation projects initiated by the Indonesian government. Also, the nation recommended critical management of waste material. There are minimal chances of marine pollution when waste material is handled in a responsible manner (Hester 15).
In summation, it should be realized that marine pollution is increased by reckless activities of human beings. It is those activities that result in excess waste material that contaminate water bodies. There would be no need for the search of pollution solutions if human activities were handled accordingly. People should encourage themselves to keep the environment clean to avoid instances of pollution. As a matter of fact, marine pollution affects both water animals and human beings. The contaminated water may lead to waterborne diseases such as cholera or typhoid, among others.
Faure, Michael, Lixin Han, and Hongjun Shan. Maritime Pollution Liability and Policy: China Europe, and the Us. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2010. Print.
Goel, P K. Water Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control. New Delhi: New Age International, 2006. Print.
Hofer, Tobias N. Marine Pollution: New Research. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2008. Print.
Hester, Ronald E. Marine Pollution and Human Health. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2011. Print.