Nelson Mandela, Shogun Iemitsu, John Wesley, Montezuma
Web Quest Project
In this essay, we shall conduct an internet research on four individuals whose actions made history. We shall discuss how these individual’s actions changed or shaped the world. To do so, we aim to create a chart specifying the causes and effects their actions had in world history. In the second part of the essay, we
PART 1 CAUSE/EFFECT CHARTS
Tokugawa Iemitsu became shogun in 1623 (Britannica 1)
After his father’s death in 1632 he strengthened his power.
The emergence of Christianity and European power in Japan worried Iemitsu, who banned Christianity and forbade travel with the Europeans
Approximately 500,000 Japanese had converted to Christianity, and Iemitsu’s decisions caused a rebellion called “The Shimabara Rebellion” (Britannica 1)
Thanks to social and media pressure, he was freed from prison in 1990
During his confinement, Mandela became a beacon against South African apartheid (History.com 1)
After being accused of sedition, Nelson Mandela was sentenced to prison in 1962
The first multiracial presidential election is done in South Africa and results with Mandela as the winner
When the Spaniards arrived in Aztec territory, Montezuma’s former vassals revolted and allied with the Spaniards against him
Montezuma succeeded his uncle Ahuitzotl on the throne of the Aztec Empire
Montezuma’s constant warring and repressive policies made his subjects angry (Britannica 1)
After fighting against the Spaniards to keep his empire, Montezuma is killed in battle. After his dead, the Aztec empire was destroyed
In 1735, John Wesley was asked to serve as minister in the newly-founded colony of Georgia
After a series of problems with other settlers of the colony, he decides to return to England on 1738
After returning to England, Wesley started groups of Bible studies, and assemblies of people who would begin to call themselves “Methodists.”
Methodist Church was born and became one of the largest Protestant denominations in the U.S. (Christianity.com 1)
PART II: RESEARCH ITEMS
The Prohibition of Marriages Act in East Africa. This prohibition, enacted in 1949 by the South African government to forbid mixed marriages was the epitome of racism during the apartheid era. The impossibility of interracial couples of contracting marriage became a central point of apartheid and anti-segregation laws. In the same way, it became a sore thumb in South African politics until it was repealed in 1980.
Prison on Robben Island in Africa. After being used as a leper community and a military outpost, the island became a prison in 1961 during the Apartheid. The prison was mostly used to jail political prisoners, and it was known for its harsh conditions against black prisoners. Nelson Mandela was held prisoner there and accounted for the hardships he suffered during his imprisonment on the island. After his liberation, the island became a symbol of the anti-segregation struggle.
The Great Schism in Europe. Many Christians were not happy with how the Catholic Church conducted certain matters. That is why a handful of clerics, starting with Martin Luther, started the Reform. The reform considered that Catholic Church was full of sinners and needed to be cleansed using a stricter interpretation of the Holy Scriptures. The reform made possible the establishment of what England is today, hence, the foundation of the United States.
The Reformation in Europe. During the 16th century, Europe suffered profound changes, not only in the faith of its inhabitants, but in the politic and economic panorama. The reformation brought profound changes to the European way of life and created the possibilities for the settlement of colonies such as those that existed in the Early American history.
European diseases in the Early Americas. The European did not only bring their culture with them. They also brought their diseases. For instance, after the Spaniards reached the new world, many tribes started to fall ill with diseases they had not known, such as smallpox; typhus; cholera, and measles. Given the fact that the natives bodies were not used to the new diseases, thousands died product of the contact with the new settlers. This meant that, to many tribes, it was not only war that was destroying them, it was also a sickness.
Commodore Perry’s Black Ships in Asia. In 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry sailed to Japan commanding a squad of ships with the sole purpose of forcing Japan of entering into a trade agreement with the United States. This situation disrupted the fragile balance of power in Japan, a country that had been closed to foreigners for almost 200 years. The new commercial practices brought by the foreign powers forced Japan to enter the international markets, and to turn into a modern country at the cost of losing a significant part of their traditions and way of life.
American Imperialism in Latin America. After the defeat of Spain in the Spanish-American war, the U.S. started to become a dominant power in the world politics. However, with the establishment of the new colonial powers in Africa, by the European governments, the Americans were forced to look to the other extreme of the globe, to Latin America. This caused that many small nations who entered in business with the U.S. became puppet states subjugated to the American Economic Imperialism. This created an anti-American sentiment in the Caribbean that ended with situations such as the Cuban Revolution, and the advent of many communist rules in South America and the Caribbean.
Christianity.com. “John Wesley’s Big Impact on America.” Web. 14 June 2015.<http://www.christianity.com>
Encyclopedia Britannica. “Montezuma II | Biography – Aztec Emperor.”
Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Web. 14 June 2015.<http://www.britannica.com/biography/Montezuma-II>
Encyclopedia Britannica. “Tokugawa Iemitsu | Biography – Shogun of Japan.”
Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Web. 14 June 2015. http://www.britannica.com/biography/Tokugawa-Iemitsu
History.com. “Nelson Mandela.” A&E Television Networks. Web. 14 June 2015. <http://www.history.com/topics/nelson-mandela>