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Malaria is a life-threatening condition caused due to a parasitic infection. The parasite is a protozoon, which belongs to the genus Plasmodium. There are various species of Plasmodium which may cause different types of malaria. In the basic form of the disease, the parasite multiplies in the host red blood corpuscles to complete their life cycle. This leads to the destruction of RBC’s and the individuals infected with the malaria parasite suffers from anemia and physiological distress, which may become life-threatening if it is untreated. The plasmodium parasite enters the human or animal body, through the bite of female Anopheles mosquito (Fairhurst & Wellems 3437-3462).
Malaria is a global epidemic and is prevalent more in developing or underdeveloped nations. There has been a global consensus on abatement of malaria through proper hygienic principles related to waste management. However, malaria remains to be one of the major concerns, across various nations. Management and treatment of individuals affected by malaria are aggressive. However, fatalities do occur due to inappropriate awareness regarding the disease. This article is an endeavor to highlight the etiology of malaria and its impact on human beings (Fairhurst & Wellems 3437-3462).
Epidemiology & Historical Perspective
The word “Malaria” comes from the two words “Mal” meaning bad …
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