Voting rights were gained by many white men at the beginning of the nineteenth century after the required property qualifications were reduced. Thomas Jefferson aged fifty-seven got inaugurated on March 4, 1801, in Washington, Columbia District (1). Washington was a newly named national capital making Jefferson the first president that was inaugurated in it, having his oath administered to him by John Marshall, the chief justice. In his inauguration speech, Jefferson appealed for peace and unity, setting a guide for his administration that was for the equality of justice for all men and freedom of press, religion, and persons protected by habeas corpus.
By interpreting the Constitution, Jefferson reduced the federal government by slashing their budget without infringing the states’ rights. His second running as president on 1804 was successful after which he made men from his party get positions, granting him the support of the Congress. James Madison was the secretary of state and Albert Gallatin, a well-respected Republican by the Federalists was the secretary of the treasury where the leading figures of the cabinet (2). Jefferson chose representatives for the positions of secretary of war, postmaster general, and attorney general from the New England party.
MARBURY V. MADISON
John Adams appointed William Marbury, a Maryland Federalist, as the Justice of the piece of Columbia district. Madison took office …
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