Globalization is the process in which countries come together for reasons touching on economics, politics, and social matters. At the post World War Two, the second half of the twenty-first century saw globalization in the form of a tussle between two powerful blocs notably the western and the eastern bloc (Findlay et al. 2). In the Western bloc was the United States of America while at the eastern bloc was the Soviet Union. The basic struggle was the superiority race between the two world powers as the western bloc wanted the world economic order of capitalism while the eastern bloc championed social economy. Even though this tussle ended in 1991 as will be seen later, the world today is engaging in global movements and the institutions that existed at the period of cold war sure still operational but with robust changes.
Looking at the globalization in the second half of the twenty-first century, one needs introduced to the insight that there are benefits that the world realizes through good relations, for example, economic support from each other, military support when a member state is in some form of threat, and political support interns of ideas to help in restoring peace whenever member state experiences internal peace instability. Due to this background we want to look at some of the changes globalization has taken and its impacts
Globalization has been revitalized through the exploit of technology (Urry, P.15). The society uses Internet for the exchange of ideas, business transactions and even governance. These new paradigms are making the world a global village. Education in the twenty-first century is done online. This has brought much of efficiency as people can do most of the things from within their convenient dwellings.
It is also important to note that technology with its negative impacts on the society. In notable areas; it has radicalized social ills like cyber crime. Someone can get into another user account to extract unauthorized information (Urry, P. 34).there are social ills associated with the internet for example cyber crime. Some fraudsters can illegally get to the user account without the authority. This has many people lose important data.
Having seen the recent trends in the global relations, it is also imperative to look back and see what happened during the post world war periods. Relying on the two power struggle that have been mentioned in the introduction of this paper, the Western bloc realized outstanding strides with its capitalist ideas while the Soviet under Mikhail Gorbachev realized a tremendous fail immediately at the end of the cold war in 1991. There were numerous reasons that led to his failure in his plan (McFaul, P. 53).
Mikhail Gorbachev was elected as the leader of the Soviet Union in 1985 and introduced his dual plan (Aslund, p.4).He intended to create a new world order of social ownership of property as opposed the individual control of the wealth by the producer as was championed by the United States of America. He sold his ideas in many countries for example in Moscow..at the end of 1991, his ideas and opted to resign as the Soviet Union disintegrated into 15 different states. The following are some of the reasons he failed.
Lack of commitment
Gorbachev after being elected came up with laws to control the economy. He initiated the enterprise laws that allowed the state enterprises to operate within the statutes of the Republic. It was harsh as the enterprises operated, but the ownership of the means of production remained entirely under the control of the government. He also created the cooperative laws that made the citizens operate businesses in minimum groups of three. It was so ironical that the government could not support the enterprises that were the necessary for example incentives and subsidies. This was an indication of failure from within.
Opposition from the elite group
The elites in the nation began to oppose the economic policies that were not improving the economic stability of the republic. There were a lot of publications that were produced within the period of the 1980s radically campaigning against the; this was a weakening effect on the government in its dispensation (Dawisha, Karen.45)
The government spent a lot of resources maintaining the military. It is clear that the basic primary interest of Gorbachev was to spread his power. This preoccupation did very little to the economic growth of the nation. He needed a very stable and unique military that would make him support his allies in any form of threat. He later failed to collect adequate money to run the government that led to his collapse.
In conclusion trying comparing the globalization of the cold war and the contemporary, we see tremendous growth in economic, political and social relations (Urry, John 54).there is enhanced education through internet research, online studies among other advantages. It will be reasonable too to note that current globalization has come down with threats .there are ethical breaches powered by the internet
Findlay, Ronald, and Kevin H. O’Rourke. Power and plenty: trade, war, and the world economy in the second millennium. Vol. 51. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007.
Urry, J. Sociology Beyond Societies: Mobilities for the twenty-first century. Routledge, 2012.
McFaul, M. Russia’s Unfinished Revolution: Political Change from Gorbachev to Putin. Cornell University Press, 2001.
Aslund, A. Russia’s capitalist revolution: why market reform succeeded and democracy failed. Peterson Institute, 2007.
Dawisha, Karen. Eastern Europe, Gorbachev, and reform: the great challenge. CUP Archive, 1990