global health

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global health

Category: Coursework

Subcategory: Nursing

Level: Academic

Pages: 2

Words: 550

Improved Maternal Health
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One of the millennium development goals by the WHO was improved maternal health to women and attaining a lower mortality rate for both mothers and children. The immediate reasons for maternal deaths are discharge, infection, obstructed labor, hypertensive issue in pregnancy, and complications of perilous fetus removal. There are conception related handicaps that influence numerous women and go untreated like wounds to pelvic muscles, organs or the spinal cord. No less than 20% of the weight of illness in kids under the age of five result from poor maternal wellbeing and nourishment, and nature of consideration at conveyance and amid the birth period. What’s more, yearly 8 million children die before, amid conveyance, or in the first week of life. Further, numerous youngsters are sadly left motherless every year (UNICEF, 2014). These youngsters are 10 times more inclined to kick the bucket within two years of their moms’ demise.
Another danger to eager women is malaria. It can prompt anemia, which increases the danger for maternal and newborn child mortality and developmental issues for children. Nutritious insufficiencies add to low conception weight and conception defects. HIV disease is an expanding risk. Mother-to-child transmission of HIV in low privileged, particularly in those nations where disease in grown-ups continue to rise or has settled at high states, keeps on being a noteworthy issue, with up to 45 % of HIV-contaminated moms transmitting contamination to their youngsters. Further, HIV is turning into a noteworthy reason for maternal death in Southern African nations. A larger part of these passing’s and inabilities are preventable, being chiefly because of lacking sufficient care amid pregnancy and conveyance. Around 15% of pregnancies and labors need emergency obstetric consideration because of difficulties that are hard to foresee (UNICEF, 2014). Access to skilled midwifery amid pregnancy, birth and the first month after conveyance is vital to sparing these women’s lives – and those of their kid.
Though countries do not equally share the improvements in the maternal health care, maternal care has greatly improved in most countries. Below is the detailed concept of the measure taken to curb the menace with a case reference of Southern Asia;
Educating the girl child The improvement of the girl education is among the top measures in improving maternal care and reducing mortality rate at birth. Educating the girls according to a report by UNICEF (2014) improved the parental and postnatal care as well as survival rate for both mothers and their children.
Improvement in the Health Facilities Most women fail to access skilled maternal care due to lack of or insufficient health facilities. Available facilities in Southern Asia does not cater for obstetric emergencies, thereby, making the cases result in mortality or disablement of the patients with such conditions.
Control of other vectors related to maternal mortality and Disability. Malaria and HIV infection and extensively contribute to death of both children and mothers before, at and after birth.
Lying good foundation for the parental care About 30 women in 100 did not receive post-natal care in South Asia. This led to mal or sub-nutrition and other untreated hypertensive disorders that lead to death or disability when left untreated. Low birth weight due to lack of iron is also a major contributor to infant mortality for which women need to be educated on.(Bhutta, Gupta,de’Silva,Manandhar,Awasthi, & Hossain, 2004)
Reduction in maternal mortality and disability All these factors implemented in southern Asia and other governments result in better health for both mothers and children. WHO can hope for attainment of millennium development goals with the current improvement trend in South Asia and a slightly higher improvement in Sub-Saharan Africa

References.
UNICEF (2014)Millennium Development Goals. Retrieved from:
http://www.unicef.org/mdg/maternal.html . [Accesses at: 6.26.2015. 5:19 pm]
Bhutta Z.A. Gupta I. de’Silva H. Manandhar D. Awasthi S. and Hossain S.M.M.
(2004)Maternal and child health: is south Asia ready for change? Aga Khan
University.