Women in the society have been alienated from the labor market because of their perceived family responsibilities (Acker, 2006). The article tries to find and understand the various work arrangements and policies that alleviate women from being given working opportunities in the labor market. The topic of the article is “Gender Inequality in Job Authority: A Cross-National Comparison of 26 Countries. Through the article the authors point the fact that friendly environments for women are vital for their employment opportunities. Due to the high demands in the family, most women find themselves engaged in family matters more compared to other job opportunities around their region of stay. This results to gender segregation and overall negative consequences when the women search for employment opportunities.
The article therefore, tries to answer the question of why women are segregated in the workplace environment and utilized more in the family spectrum. By conducting this study the researchers wanted to get clear pictures from different nations about women and their employment status. They also desired to know and explain gender gap and the overall concentration of women in other public sectors. The research makes use of quantitative methods as it engages various data sources from different nations. The researchers made use of ISSP, which is a module that was used on work orientation. The use of ISSP was mostly desired because it was in a position to provide data that was of high quality and comparable. This was done to be able to make inferences and comparisons between different nations.
The research made use of respondents who had been in the labor force during the research period, and the researchers sought to know whether the women had authority while performing their duties. The researchers also collected secondary data from the International Labor Organization for purposes of getting the correct figures of women who were employed in the public sector. Using secondary data for purposes of getting gender inequality situations often provides researchers with an overview of different situations (Mills, 2003).
The findings of the research indicated that women were more segregated in the work place compared to their men counterparts. The women had minimal authority, and this happened even when the women had more advanced levels of education. The reasons behind the gap were found to be the authority men have back in the family level and most countries laws that pertain to labor options. The research supported the hypothesis that there was a significant relationship between gender inequality and the number of women in the public sector in a certain nation. The research was relevant to the field of sociology as it created awareness on the levels of women segregation and how they are treated in the work place.
In conclusion, the researchers found out from the research that there was diversity among different nations as pertained to their work and overall authority. The gender gap that was in their occupations was far beyond the expectations of the researchers as most women who had similar education levels with their men counterparts were still treated unfairly. The overall findings of the research were that the gap in the job authority within countries with more women concentrated in the public sector was wider compared to those nations that had minimal women concentration in the public sector. The research recommends that the administration of any government has a mandate of always ensuring gender equality and the minimal gap between genders in the work place.
Acker, J. (2006). Inequality Regimes: Gender, Class, and Race in Organizations. Gender & Society.Mills, M. B. (2003). Gender and inequality in the global labor force. Annual Review of Anthropology, 32(1), 41-62.