Freud’s view of the Oedipus Complex dissolution/resolution of the Oedipus Complex
FREUD’S VIEW OF THE OEDIPUS COMPLEX
The term oedipal complex was initially used by Sigmund Freud as he developed a theory to explain the stages of psychosexual stages of development in an attempt to explain or describe the boy child feelings of attraction to the mother and anger and envy towards the father (Fear, 2005). Basically the boy may feel like he is competing with the father for the belonging and possession of the mother. The boy sees the father as a threat for her affections, desires and attentions.
In terms of the psychoanalytic theory, Oedipus complex may refer to the desire of a child to sexual engagement with a parent of opposite sex, specifically the boy’s amatory concentration, attention and attraction to the mother.
Freud argues that the complexity of Oedipus plays an imperative function in the stage of Phallic where a kid undergoes psychosexual growth. Freud also trusts that if the stage completes successfully and the child manages to involve himself or herself with a parent of opposite gender ultimately, this involvement leads to development of a sexual identity that is mature.
As this theory explains, the boy child admires to seize or possess the mother fully and if possible out do the father, who this child always sees as a great enemy for the mother’s love.
The Freud Oedipus complex usually happens or takes place on the phallic stage of the children between the ages of three to five years, who at this age undergoes psychosexual development. This stage in real sense serves as a paramount point on the kid’s sexual identity development or formation.
For the girl child this analogous and correspondent stage is referred to as Electra complex and is in this stage develops the desires and affections on their daddies and they become envious of their mothers.
In 1899, Freud came up with the first oedipal complex concept in one of his book, ‘The Interpretation of Dreams.’ All the same he avoided using the term Oedipus complex officially until 1910. This term was named after Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex character, who one time killed his father and he ended up marrying the mother (Van, 2005).
The Oedipus complex
The theory of Sigmund Freud that is composed of Oedipus complex outlines the emotions and opinions as well as ideas that exist in the tiny small children’s tiny mind and which concerns their urge and attraction to seize their female parents sexually and eliminate their daddies. According to Freud this kind of a complex do occur in both boys and girls, with both genders desiring to seize their mothers and remove the rival of their daddies who normally compete for the interests of the mothers.
Freud insisted that the Oedipus complex happened within a period called the phallic stage of growth. The third stage which is the most crucial out of the five stages in line with psychosexual development of the kid, Freud identified that it occurs between the ages of three to six years. At this very critical stage of the kid’s psychosexual growth, he concluded that the kid’s sexual organs were used as the fundamental source of pleasure to the kid, hence in this stage the kid start to become sexual in addition to realizing itself as a sexual being.
It is during this stage that Freud agreed the kid develops herself or him a different sexual individuality as a girl or a boy and starts to distinguish the social as well as physical distinctions between males and females. This recognition, he believed, varies the child and that of their parents’ dynamics. Freud’s theory points out those kids then, focus the growing sexual attractions to their mamas and start to perceive their fathers threats for the attention of their mothers.
The kids then, instinctively desires to seize their mamas sexually in a way that they recognize that their daddy appears to and drastically admire to abolish their daddies. Freud had a belief that kids do recognize, all the same, that their daddies are mightier than they are and therefore cannot be removed. And it is in this realization that Freud argued that this occurrence causes children unconscious anxiety deal. According to Freud (Hamilton, 2013) this unconscious state revealed itself in various forms in girls and boys. The anxiety in girls occurs in terms of penis hatred which portrays a rooted malice of the strength of the daddy’s masculinity that they understand they do not have. In boys this kind of anxiety grows into castration complex, rooted hatred and envy as well as unconscious fear of the mightiness and masculinity of their daddies’ attention on their mamas.
Freud supposed that there were insentient resistance tools kids used to start to offer resolve to their oedipal concerns. These resistance devices include suppression that comprises a teenager hindering from their thoughts instincts, wishes and philosophies linked to their Oedipus complexes and recognition, over which a kid starts to yield on the features of the similar sex maternal.
By recognizing with and compelling on the individualities of his daddy, Freud sensed that a lad reduces his inborn terror of castration since his similarity to his dad will defend him after his dad’s irritation in their enmity for the mama. By categorizing with the mama, Freud struggled that a lass line up herself with somebody who similarly alike sex youngsters to recognize with them as well as study in what way to correctly reflect their conduct and study by what means to appropriately behave inside humanity.
In quintessence, Freud sensed that close relative, for them to aid their kids overawed their Oedipus developments, should inspire their similar gender kids to ascertain with them and reflect their behaviors and activities (Laplanche, 2008). By permitting and inspiring their kids to recognize thru them, mothers assist their teenagers to form moralities, that is a central ethical power and internalization of the similar sex mother’s uniqueness and personality does not own penis, hence no longer placing them as rivals.
Freud alleged, if the Oedipus complex verves disturbed and a youngster is incapable to change to the subsequent phase of psychosexual growth, a lad will convert a violent, bold guy and on the other hand a daughter will develop either to exceedingly sexually obedient and seductive to males. Offspring who lag in obsessed in the oedipal phase of their psychosexual growth, Freud assumed, might continue fanatical upon their mamas and daddies into their maturity that will led to a diversity of extra mental difficulties.
Freud thought that it was the responsibilities of the parents to correctly endure in addition to resolving their kids’ Oedipus developments by permitting them to behave in that manner just for the given biological period of change.
Resolving the Oedipus complex
The child must be attributed and identified with same-sex parent in order to facilitate a successful adult who possess health identity in order to resolve the havoc. Freud argued that whilst the kid wanted and wished to eliminate the dad, the more reality heats on the kids’ ego to know and understand that the father is stronger.
Bestowing to Freud, the lad then undergoes what he termed as castration nervousness as a result of a horror of both verbatim and symbolic emasculation (Kulish, 2010). Freud alleged that as the kid becomes cognizant of the bodily variations between men and women, he adopts that the woman’s penis has been detached and hence the father will correspondingly geld him as a penalty for his affection to his mama.
With intention to resolve the havoc, the lad is then identified with his daddy. At this instance, point or juncture the formation of super ego occurs. The super ego can be termed as form or category of the inner moral power that results to internalization of daddy figure that contend to forbid the desires of the identity and usually form an ego that act within the idealistic popularity or standards.
Freud described in the ego and identity that the super ego keeps the fathers or daddies’ attributes or features and this showed that the more authoritative the Oedipus complex turned to be, and the more quickly and rapidly it overwhelmed to consciousness – especially under the influence of power, beliefs, schooling, instructing and even reading, the complicated the super ego would dominate the ego in the future. This happened in the conscience form and maybe the awareness instinct of guilty.
Dissolution of the Oedipus complex
Freud explains that after a long period of the kid longing for the opposite sex parent and wishing that the intention would be met, the desires stops and an internal impossibility occur. Freud points out the latency period that is predetermined from the time of birth as equivalent to death of the body that precedes its creation (Hamilton, 2013). Therefore the phase of phallic may be brought to an end as a result of the predetermined predecessor of this period which may interrupt the entire phallic phase. According to Freud these explanations co-exist side by side and are true though the psycho-mechanical science behind the interruption mechanical needs to be expressed precisely.
During the phallic phase the kid masturbates constantly and he or she undergoes genital manipulation such as bed wetting. The child usually finds himself or herself when this behavior is met by the parent with disapproval especially castration threat. The kid usually values this part of his body and he fears if it is used it may be detached from him. Castration threat penetrates and activates the child when he or she experiences the threat in reality. The terror of castration becomes a possibility by seeing the females genitals and concluding they were castrated. The castration terror is also experienced by the loss of their mamas’ breasts as well as loss of feces which makes the kid continue counting losses.
The phase of phallic constitutes the entire Oedipus complex aspect and includes active and passive options. In the active one, the father is totally replaced and the kid has intercourse with the mama. The passive one replaces the mother and the kid becomes the mother. The phase is met by disapproval and condemnation by the parents.
Fear, R. (2015). The Oedipus Complex: ‘Solutions’ or Resolutions?. London: Karnac Books.
Van, H. J. (2005). Freud on femininity and faith. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Hamilton, V. (2013). Narcissus and Oedipus: The children of psychoanalysis. London: Karnac
Laplanche, J., & Pontalis, J.-B. (2008). The language of psycho-analysis. London: Karnac.
Kulish, N., & Holtzman, D. (2010). A story of her own: The female Oedipus complex reexamined and renamed. Lanham, Md: Jason Aronson.