Endometriosis is a gynecological condition marked by intense pain in the background of endometrial implants with uterine consistency and characteristics. Usually, the implants scattered around the endometrial cavity have tissue that has the morphology and consistency of uterine tissue. Complications often arise since the implanted tissue cycles in sync with that in the uterine cavity. The cyclic thickening and breakdown of the implanted tissue cause it to accumulate in the affected area of the body. Irritation leads to further complications due to the scar tissue that results in adhesions of various body tissues, therefore, leading to pathological organ alterations (Olive, 1997). Endometrial cells are usually found scattered in various parts of the body such as the cervix, uterus vulva, and many others. In some rare situations, this tissue presents in remote areas such as the skin, lungs, and the brain. There is a high incidence of the disease with statistics estimating that up to 176 million people suffer from this gynecological condition. The United States alone accounts for 5 million in this figure. The pathophysiology of endometriosis is complex due to the probable complications likely to arise from this condition. Therefore, this condition not only causes pain but is associated with psychological symptoms leading to reduced productivity in work and school.
The cause of endometriosis has not yet been established. However, scholars…
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