Different issues that might change sentencing
In this essay, we shall answer four questions regarding the correctional systems in the United States, specifically in the state of Pennsylvania. We shall compare and contrast two prison models and discuss different issues that might change sentencing.
1. Provide the justifications for punishment in modern society.
Sociologically speaking, punishment should be sufficient deterrent for the prospective offenders but history has shown this is not the case (Garland, 1991). Although the purposes of punishment have changed over the course of history, modern societies’ reasons to punish have not changed much throughout the years (Siegels & Bartollas, 2014). For instance, although most modern punishments do not imply pain, offenders are locked down in prisons to prevent further crimes or the offender’s contact with society. According to Siegels and Bartollas (2014), the justifications for punishment are the following: a) Punishment teaches a lesson. Offenders learn through punishment that their actions are not permissible in our society; b) punishment shows the public outrage. The sentences serve as a reparation to the offended parts; c) discipline helps to maintain the social structure. By removing offenders from the streets, the social structure remains safe; d) Punishment is deserved. The modern legal system only convicts those who have committed a crime.
2. Compare and contrast the Pennsylvania prison model with the Auburn Silent System
Auburn silent system was a penal sy…
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