dangers of oil drilling in ANWR and benefits of rewenable resources
The arctic national wildlife refuge is a sanctuary for wildlife, for a decade of years it has been the sources of argument due to the issue of oil drilling. The arctic national wildlife refuge is found in the North Slope area of Alaska in United States, which is the protected area, intended for forest without human interference and a home for many animals. Oil drilling in Arctic wildlife refuge shortens the life spurn of many species due to pollution that increase the risks of global warming; this reduces the number of tourist in the area (Hahn 45). Thus reduction in tourism, reduces the economy in the country and steady increase price of the gas in the area. Thus, the best way to fight global warming in America is by objecting oil drilling in the arctic national wildlife refuge and forcing the government to look the better and safe solutions.
During the drilling process, the pollutant released increases the risks of pollution in the river of Arctic wildlife refuge and the surrounding area. Also during oil, supply it cause harsh effects to the environment. Oil spills create a major threat to the life of living things, living within the in drilling society. During the process of oil drilling, some gases and airborne particulate substance are released into the atmosphere, hence leading to acidic rain. The acidic rain reduces the economy of production since it triggers the irrigation and living organisms in lacks and rivers. Pollution in the fishing sources reduces the fishing activity in the area (Porder 95).
The opinions against oil drilling in arctic national wildlife refuge are more pure and accurate. The entire area of the arctic national wildlife refuge is vital for wildlife that depends on that area. Degradation would demand the land used by thousands of species and a vast number of migrating animals. Such act of interfering apparently overcomes the purpose of an arctic national wildlife refuge. The Arctic refuge holds one of the most delicate and economically sensitive ecologies in the global. The Arctic refuge environment if awfully exposed lifelong commotions due to the harsh climate and short growing periods granting the species little time to recover.
The arctic national wildlife refuge is the only area where ecology system such as coastal plain, mountains, and a forest is located and protected in a small portion. With increase population and demands of oil, open parts are being brought up (Baldwin 75), cleared and developed. With the increase in this Act, the nation will reduce the national wildlife attraction sites, thus reducing the number of tourists who brings the foreign income in the country. In order to protect the arctic national wildlife refuge and it ecology the government of America should fully support the following
Discharge all planned project of drilling in arctic national wildlife refuge.
National policy should permanently burn the researches or development in the ANWR.
Coming up with other projects they would replace the already existing research and pumping sites of ANWR.
Increasing solar and renewable resources technology and energy conservation that supports solar energy, geothermal research, and energy efficiency programs.
Oil is a product that is highly required by many industries. Oil is a central raw material used in cars, power machineries, Planes, trucks, and equipment. The increased oil drilling in arctic national wildlife refuge supplies safe sources of energy in a short period. Drilling for oil employs a lot of diggings, use of machines, and many experiments done with bare hands, this promotes the employment opportunities, employing the jobless people in the country. Hence improving the standard of living in the country.
Mining massive quantity of gas and crude oil for American consumption as well as for export brings significant income in a country. Besides the oil drilling, coal is also extracted in large amount, which are the primary requirement for most industries of the America. Some of these products are taxed during the exportation; the revenue the government earns has helped in increasing the economy of the country.
All taxes positioned in the American have made energy the primary sources of fund that can only be used for the development of new domestic technology that will fuel U.S in the future. The fund will support the tax credit of Cellulosic Ethanol, and next generation energy, which are the renewable fuels produce from plants found in arctic national wildlife refuge land. These renewable fuels can be developed as the primary fuel for cars and trucks. Coal liquefaction can provide a nearly free diesel fuel that is clean than usual diesel and can produce a jet fuel. This technology increases the production of barrels of fuel per day expected in America oil demand. This technology can be improved be expanding the national motivation and funding the upcoming renewable fuel organization.
Drilling in the Arctic Refuge decreases power outgoes and the price of energy through the large production of energy from renewable sources. Since the renewable energy does not depend on fossil fuels, hence it is not exposed to the price instability that plague the power plants, in which most of them run on coal and gases from the nature. The air and water pollutant emitted by coal and natural gas plants course the problem in breathing, heart attack, and cancer. When the fossils are replaced with renewable energy, it reduces undeveloped mortality and overall healthcare costs.
Although to build the renewable facilities is costly, once they are built the operating cost is very low and for the majority of technologies the fuel used if free. Hence, the renewable energy prices are moderately stable (Reading the Rocks 85). The use of renewable energy sources project helps to keep the money circulating within the society economy. Mostly renewable electricity production will reduce the expenses that could be used to buy and import coal and natural gas from other countries.
Hahn, Robert, and Peter Passell. The Economics of Allowing More US Oil Drilling. , 2010. Internet resource.
PORDER, STEPHEN. “Science and Policy— uneasy Partners.” Bioscience. 54.1 (2004): 6-7. Print.
Sweet, W. “U.s. Energy Legislation, Much Maligned, Hangs Fire.” Ieee Spectrum. 40.11 (2003): 20-22. Print.
Baldwin, Pamela. Legal Issues Related to Proposed Drilling for Oil and Gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (anwr). Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 2003. Print.
Reading the Rocks: The Search for Oil in Anwr. New York, N.Y: Films Media Group, 2002. Internet resource