Couseling Psychology revision
Application of Psychology in Counseling
Application of Psychology in Counseling
When dealing with a serious problem it is important for a counselor not only to concentrate on the symptoms but also the underlying causes of the problem. A client may visit a crisis pregnancy center although there are many other aspects to her case other than pregnancy. The reasons for a particular psychological problem are in many cases complex and varied; they, however, need to be understood by both the counselor and the client if at all a lasting solution is to be achieved.
Rosemary’s difficult transition to new job and suicidal thoughts
At the age of 27 and in her newly found job, Rosemary experienced a crisis during the last days of the month, Rosemary was aware of her poor work progress. Her unrelieved sadness worsened, and she started having the occasional suicidal thoughts she had been having in the past. Although Rosemary knew she needed to finish some project that weekend she made a four-hour drive to a shanty town to drink all alone. Faced with this distress, Rosemary considered dropping the job but her aunt encouraged her to talk to a counselor.
The counselor realized that Rosemary had been a troubled young lady for quite some time. Rosemary confessed that she had felt inferior and depressed since childhood. Rosemary was sexually abused as a child by her Mother’s boyfriend, later in life she was sexually and physically abused by her husband. She was brought up by a mother who abused drugs. She did own a home and was living in public housing and most of the days she did not have food to eat. She had low standards of living where she was living in crack and stash house. All these problems brought about her troubles in works and suicidal thoughts.
Situational Perspective: As a counselor there is a need for deepening the client understanding of the situation, by doing so counselors can help the clients achieve a different perspective. Counselors must achieve deeper exploration to help client progress from simple description of the problem to exploration of actions and process themes within the problem. In our scenario, the counselor needs to not only treat Rosemary’s poor working habits and suicidal thoughts but also explore the other situations that Rosemary have been through. The counselor should gauge each problem situation, how the client respondent to it, the support system the client need, the feeling of the client towards such occurrence and emotional processes. The counselor also needs to explore the situational elements such as social factors and cultural factors to have a better interpretation of the event. In this scenario, the counselor needs to listen carefully to Rosemary to gather materials that can provide the foundation for change promotion. The counselor may, for example, pick on statements and begin to explore Rosemary childhood experience (Marianne, 2015).
Meeting Human Needs: In an ideal situation a person is brought up by caregivers who help us become independent of their physical and emotional supervision while still showing their availability for support. These create a trusting attachment with other, ability to trust others and ensure positive relationships during the times of conflicts. In our scenario, Rosemary lacked the caregiver attachment hence it becomes difficult for her to form a positive relationship. Having identified this, the counselor should be in a position to create a mutual relationship with the client to enable them develop trust in other people.
Strength-Based Perspectives: In strength based approach the counselor should focus on skills, Knowledge and the potential of the individual in the community. In this case, the practitioner should not ignore challenges of the clients. In our scenario, the practitioner should encourage rosemary to interact with at least one co-worker in a day.
Five factors of indivisible self: The five factors of indivisible self as highlighted by Tricia and Marianne (2001) includes spirituality, work and leisure, friendship, self-regulations, and love. Each and every factor plays a great role in individual counseling. Spirituality encourages self-care behaviors, leisure and work encourages self-worth and creativity. Friendship encourages social ability; self-regulation encourages realistic beliefs while love encourages family and friendship.
Maximum potential Counseling Agency
Maximum potential counseling agency is a group of counseling professionals joined by a common vision and values of supporting and building confident people within a strong community. The agency vision is ‘improving the quality of life by exploiting potential and overcoming challenges’. The mission of the agency is to uphold and strengthen people’s quality of life by providing a responsive mental health services. The goals and objectives of the organization are: to provide self-development, counseling and training to all people in need and to uphold an overall physical and mental wellbeing of all members of the community,
The agency will serve people of all ages, race, gender or religious affiliation. The types of services that will be offered will include: Sexually abused persons (while a child or an adult), persons brought up by violent and drug abusing parents, persons in hard economical situations, Persons from abject poverty backgrounds and homeless persons.
Ethical in professional services
The ethical dilemma is a situation whereby two or more principles conflict, it is usually used to evaluate moral reasoning skills and moral beliefs. The six principles that form the foundation of ethical behavior are: (a) The service, which is making a provision of resources, help, and benefits so that people can realize their maximum potential. (b) Social justice, it is a situation whereby all members of the community have basic equal rights, protection obligations, and opportunity. (c) Dignity and work of person which means holding in each with high esteem and appreciating their value. (d) The importance of human relationship which entails valuing the changing connection between two or more people that involves how they behave and feel towards each other. (e) Integrity, which involves upholding trustworthiness and adherence to moral ideals (f) Competence, which involves being equipped with necessary skills and ability to work with the client effectively (Tricia & Marianne, 2001). These are the core principles of ethics in many professional fields.
The purpose of the code of ethics includes protecting the client and professional position of the organization, they also acknowledge that a particular body of professionals has skills and knowledge that guides them in setting out their standards. They also serve as a way through which professionals identify themselves; they also give guidelines of how the professional should behave in a way that reflects the desired values in the professional. They also offer the professional a framework through which they can follow while in the decision-making process and they also offer a defense for professionals by accepted professional codes. The limitations of the code of ethics include, some issues cannot be handled within the context of the codes; there are also some difficulties encounters while enforcing the codes. The codes also do not offer a platform where the interests of all parties are represented in a systematic way. There are also limited varieties of topics covered in the codes.
The ethical dilemma is a situation whereby two or more principles conflict, it is usually used to evaluate moral reasoning skills and moral beliefs. For example in our scenario case of Rosemary, the counselor may be in a dilemma of whether to disclose the situation of Rosemary to the employers and break the rule ethical code of confidentiality or kept it undisclosed thereby minimizing the chances of Rosemary getting moral help from her workplace.
Marianne R. W., (2015). An Introduction to the Human Services, 8th Edition. Tricia McClam;
University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
Tricia M., & Marianne R. W., (2001). An Introduction to Human Services. Cengage