comparison/Role of hero/heroine in the epic textx Innana and Sundiata
How is a hero defined? What characteristics do Sundiata and Inanna symbolize?
A heroic or a hero is a great or brave person who is admired for the great acts or fine qualities. Sundiata was intelligence, compassion, brave, charisma, piety, high, and above all, had a sense of justice, such quality made him be defined as a heroic in the community. Her hard covers not only stories of Sunjata himself but also of the vast circle of warriors surrounding his rise among the Mande people. He was so intelligence that he could perfectly create a policy that could help him and his fellows to defeats their armies. Sundiata was a great brave commander he leads his people to the war, and even he could rush on a battle himself, killing his enemies with little considering for his safety. He also had the heart to forgive whenever a person wronged him he had the wisdom to deal with the situation and anger. As a leader he could also unite people, every person he landed into were impressed with him and his great leadership. He had the quality of personality that helped him through his leadership. As a good leader it good to be loyal to your people and have the wisdom to rule them.
Inanna is the first Goddess and a great queen to Sumerians. She was defined as a heroic due to his character to appear as a Goddess of fertility, of love, sex, procreation, of life and death, war, and rebirth made her. She had the power to bring confusion and disorder among those who are disobedient to her. She also had the power to speed up conflict, lead in a battle and strongly emerge as the winners.
Relationship of Inanna and Sundiata to the community
To the Commonwealth, Sundiata emerged as a hero due to his achievement to raise the Empire of Mali. Mali was among the great empires that conquered different community. Sundiata and his army succeeded in destroying the armies of the Soso Kingdom at the Battle. Although Soso kingdom was in the ruling government at that time, Sundiata was so determined to save his people and found a mighty Manlike empire. In the tradition, Sundiata was believed to have the power to do the magic. Hence, his success was due to his stronger magician act than his enemy. This victory could bring the new beginning at the Empire of Mali. He also made the community gain the strength of economic by controlling the trade routes of the region and gold fields. Even though Sundiata was Muslim, he gave the people freedom to practice their religions.
A leader should not act differently than the other in the community; the leader should be loyal and able to treat his people equally no matter the statures. Inanna was a real leader in her community. She took an action to go and visit Underworld. Underworld was pictured as a lifeless from the Sumerian point of view. It is seen to be a dark place where dead heroes and ordinary people lived. Every person in the underworld place underwent as miserable situation, did deferent behavior while alive. It is believed that every family could strangle to make sure that has provided offerings to the dead, thus giving offering to the dead could lessen severe conditions to some extent. Inanna and his fellows were loyal to the community. Inanna’s fisherman made Gundam get away with his wrong actions. Gundam was the fierce warrior, who could only feast on flesh and drank blood and more of that destroyed. Gundam surrendered he went to Inanna humble before him, pleaded for forgiveness, promising Inanna to praise her through words and offerings.
If Inanna and Sundiata share their values or establish new ones
The heroism inspires the people to learn about the hero and the world around. Monika, the author in his book he says that the heroism displays social values in a culture that urge people in their pursuit of a meaningful life (pg 88). Inanna, the goddess of Sumerian, needed only obtaining her throne and bed, to increase the characteristic of her queenship, and to improve her ruling and sexuality. In order she to get what she needed; she agreed to give out all her unexpressed worries and ambitions. Inanna also acquires attributes of civilization from God, which in turn, gave upon her city. By this action, he demonstrated the value of abilities and became Protectors indeed as well as name. Inanna gave away her traditional values of the world to make her new path of beginning. She left the community where she was valued, her office of the holy priestess and her temple, thus, missing her rank and power in the ordinary world.
Sundiata faces two obstacles that helped him to establish a new value of leadership. The point that he was crippled could hinder him in the development of his value of leadership. In spite of him being disabled, his father sees the wisdom in him, and great possibility of him becoming a great leader. The community of Mali was overwhelmed by an evil sorcerer who is forcing people on his way with a great cruelty, such period was a great opponent for Sundiata to learn and increase the leadership value.
How Inanna and Sundiata approach those who are not perceived as part of the community
An underworld is a dark place full of dead people, dead heroes and ordinary people who are poor and equal. The community could not see the underworld people as a part of the commonwealth. The action of Inanna visiting the Underworld was a beautiful symbolism of the establishment of the new beginning of the world kingship (Drayton, Richard, pg 97). The act of visiting the underworld people made her to the accomplished high heroic feat. Inanna is passed through the judgment, anger and guilt are thrown at her, and her dark side physically strikes her due to her action of visiting the Underworld, the people who are not recognized by the community.
Sundiata showed much humanity to a woman who was offering for a sale. The woman was condiments unknown to people of that community. Among the vegetable that the woman was selling was the vegetable that her mother used to grow in the garden at Niani village. She also realized that the woman was from Mali. The woman had been selling the plant for days, but no one in that community seems to buy. Sundiata took the woman ant took her to her home to meet her mother.
If the status of Inanna and Sundiata called into question by other characters, events, or narrator of the texts
Magic was believed to be a great power that not every person could possess it. In the whole community, only Sundiata possessed this great power, and he was the only one who could practice it. No one in the community could understand or comprehend its workings. No one in the commonwealth could question his magic since it helped them as a community, and no one bothered to follow or get to learn the working of magic. Since they believed that the person who gets to earn perhaps would abuse the riddles of magic or those forces of power would swallow it. Koster in his book he says that to be a hero or obtain the greatness in the community is necessarily in the Commonwealth (pg 79). The griot cannot question the importance of Sundiata as a hero, but both of they have a reciprocal and meaningful relationship.
Even though Inanna was a queen, when he reached the gate of the underworld, she followed the order as they were given from the Queen of the Underworld. The gatekeeper could not open until he was allowed by Queen of the Underworld. They were seven gates. Inanna was instructed that in each and every gate she had to live anything by the gate. At the First gate, she was asked for her crown, the next one she gave up her small lap beads, and then the double strand of beads a, and then her breastplate at the fourth. Then she surrendered her gold ring at fifth gate from her wrist, at the sixth gate she gave up her laps measuring rod and line and at the final gate, she was to gave out her royal garments (Fregoso, Chimei, pg 37) Works cited
Kostera, Monika. Organizational Olympians: Heroes and Heroines of Organizational Myths. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire [England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. Print.
Kostera, Monika. Organizational Olympians: Heroes and Heroines of Organizational tales. – Ebook. – Originally Published In: 2008. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. Internet resource.
Drayton, Richard. “The difficulty of the Hero(ine) in Caribbean story.” Small Axe: a Journal of Criticism. (2013): 26-45. Print.
Fregoso, Chimei L. The Untold Story: Reconstructing the History of the Hemingway Hero(ine) at War. , 2014. Print.
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