clothing styles among young adults as my material culture example for these countries.
Clothing Styles among Young Adults.
Material culture is a discipline that analyzes the interrelationship between individuals in society and their things, how they make, history as well as how preservative they are. Each generation, however, diversified has the responsibility of maintaining as well as protecting its heritage (Dannehl, pg3).
The Chinese material culture dates back to the Paleolithic periods. Materials used were of animal skins and decorations from small stones as well as animal teeth. Later on the basic features of Chinese clothing created the general pattern used in making blouses and skirts. Clothing pattern occurs on the political position, social status, occupation, and gender. An example is the fact that dragon embroideries and bright yellow usage for emperors only. Purple was meant for the highly ranked officials while the higher the level of status in life the more embroidery your clothing would contain. With the change in fashion trends, some of these are still common up to date. An example is a Chinese suit, Cheongsam, Manchu, and the Chinese tunic suit (Adshead, pg 17).
The Iranian material culture in fashion involves subtle embroidery, delicate lace as well as hand-beaded items that characterize the country’s traditions among the women. The men dress in traditional outfits that include the Pirahan Shalvar and the Jameh combination. The preserved Islamic culture of the country shapes the materials and colors of clothing found in Iran. Today the material culture in clothing has been adopted in various foreign cultures in Italy, Greece, and West of Russia (Shirazi, pg 5).
The Ethiopian material culture has been known to be diverse and structured along ethnolinguistic lines. Women’s clothes making is from a cloth known as Shemma, which is cotton material. The cloth is woven in strips and sewn together. The use of shiny threads is used to give the piece an elegant effect. Women cover their heads with a cloth known as a Slash that ties around the neck. White and light colors are often used to make these items. The bottom and sometimes top is ornamented with patterns to differentiate designs. Men wear pants together with knee length shirts with white collars. Frequently knee high socks are also present in the dressing patterns of men. Western clothes that have adopted this form of dressing are present worldwide (Graev, pg83).
There exists a wide range of culture values that are common in the above-discussed systems of fashion that widely differ from that of the United States. The preservative nature of dressing in the United States falls lower than most countries. The above-discussed material culture differs from that of the United States due to the presence of a culture that is a result of the combination of numerous cultures. The use of lighter materials in making clothing materials that cover fewer body parts can cause taboos in the above countries due to the difference in culture. The above countries experience a religious dominance that influence and make the clothing values and norms that have been accepted by the citizens as well as maintained till date. The use of particular colors that hold different meanings is another cultural preference act that governs through the traditions of the countries. As for the United States, this matter barely affects the material culture. Therefore, the production of items that appear unacceptable in any of the above countries is not surprising. The adaptation to the western culture found in the United States is common among young adults in the above countries due to social influence. However, this fact does not mean that the codes of conducts, as well as the material culture, are acceptable. African, Asian, Latin and Native American cultures have influence over the United States material culture. Due to this reason, material culture in the United States often does not fall into a preservative category like the above-discussed cultures in fashion. Fashion in the United States is known to be predominantly informal. The most common is the frequent use of blue jeans in dressing among individuals in the society for many casual activities during a different dressing form for formal occasions. Common wear from the United States is cowboy hats and boots that come from there, as well as motorcycle jackets and most sporty wear fashion found all over the world today (Welsh. & Henry, pg 67-89).
Adshead, S. A. M. “Material Culture.” Material Culture in Europe and China, 1400–1800: 1-30. Print.
Dannehl, Karin. “What Objects Mean: An Introduction to Material Culture – By Arthur Asa Berger.” The Economic History Review (2011): 705-06. Print.
Graeve, Katrien De. “‘They Have Our Culture’: Negotiating Migration in Belgian–Ethiopian Transnational Adoption.” Ethnos (2013): 71-90. Print.
Shirazi, Faegheh. “7 Islamic Religion and Women’s Dress Code: The Islamic Republic of Iran.” Undressing Religion Dress, Body, Culture (2000). Print.
Welsh, Peter C., and Henry Glassie. “Pattern in the Material Folk Culture of the Eastern United States.” Technology and Culture: 108. Print.