Civil Rights Movement (1950-1960)
Civil Rights Movement – A Nexus for Change
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Civil Rights Movement – A Nexus for Change
Civil Rights Movement has proved to be a nexus of major social, cultural and political changes within the United States. Surely, like any other great event in history, it has a number of root-causes that has led towards this event. However, its aftermath has proved itself to provide numerous changes in American society. This paper will observe those changes in the light of historical events.
The post-1968 civil rights have provided a turning point for potential reforms in educational system. Events like, Kent College shooting incident has enhanced the potential outlook for people living all around the United States. It has caused massive agitation against the prejudiced behavior of national guards and this has opened room towards educational and civil rights reforms in the upcoming years.
Another major foundation stone includes the 1954 Reverent Brown case that has been decided in favor of his child to pursue education in a white school. It also included the induction of nine black students having military protection in a white school at Little Rock, Arkansas.
Civil Rights Grounds
Slavery has been abolished in 1865. However, the African Americans are not treated equally as compared to White Americans. It includes beating events at the hands of Ku Klux Klan and different separatists. There were numerous events in this domain that have provided substantial grounds for major reforms in redefining equality and justice. In 1955, Rosa Park has refused to provide her seat for the White person thereby leading towards the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This event has pronounced into complete civil rights for the Black Americans in the buses without any seat segregation. A similar event related to Bus was also observed in 1963 that has resulted from Freedom Rides and strong campaign sit-ins. It was the march of massive amount of people towards the Lincoln memorial for hearing Martin Luther’s “I have a dream” speech. The speech has instigated numerous Americans to provide legal equality to the Black American community at every civil institution step.
Out of the civil rights movement, three major legislative prospects emerged. It included the Civil Rights Act (1964), the Fair Housing Act (1968) and the Voting Rights Act (1965). The Civil Rights Act has allowed equal opportunities for the African American community to pursue their education along with granting them with rights in employment and public places.
The Voting Rights has provided all Black American citizens to take their part in political grounds. Due to this very law, America has its first Black President, Barrack Obama in 2008 elections. The effects of the voting act have been quite prominent.
The Fair Housing Act has brought about the social developments in reducing discrimination in housing and has provided a complete set of laws and legislative actions to be taken against the perpetrators.
Achievement of Civil Rights Movement
The major achievement of civil rights movement aftermath has magnified the differences and allowed much expressiveness from both ends. Racial inequality is present at that that among the African American community too that has lead towards the development of post-1968 historical perspective. The difference in the position, color, gender and most importantly, political orientation existed; but, civil rights movement provided a platform for expressing those views more openly. Difference among black liberals and black radicals; black feminists and black dominant males, have become quite prominent (National Humanities Center, 2015).
All in all, America has faced massive changes on cultural, political and societal grounds after the civil rights movement. It has allowed numerous reforms to provide equal opportunities for Black American community to become a part of American society.
BBC,. (2015). BBC – KS3 Bitesize History – The civil rights movement in America : Revision, Page 2. Retrieved 23 April 2015, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks3/history/20th_century/civil_rights_movement_america/revision/2/
National Humanities Center,. (2015). The Civil Rights Movement: 1968-2008, Freedom’s Story, TeacherServe®, National Humanities Center. Retrieved 23 April 2015, from http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/freedom/1917beyond/essays/crm2008.htm