Becoming a Veterinarian
A veterinarian also referred to as a vet, is a professional who is licensed to practice veterinary medicine. Veterinary medicine involves treating diseases, injuries and disorders in non-human animals. Veterinary medicine originated from France as the first college was in Lyon and was 1762. This followed the observation by Bourget on the devastation that was caused to cattle by the cattle plague. Bourget found it right to dedicate his time to find the cure for the disease. Afterward, it became a profession taught in institutions of higher learning.As stated by Guardabassi and Prescott, it is required that every veterinarian should have a significant level of formal education. Above all, the veterinarian should have a passion for animals. Most of the work of a vet rotates around animals and therefore, it is important that the vet show some passion and interest in animals. Veterinarians are trained to handle various cases of animal medicine, animal surgery, and animal behavior. People who graduate from various veterinary programs can either specialize in providing care for small animals such as dogs and cats, or large animals such as a horse (361-376).It is expected that career in the field of veterinary medicine will grow exponentially in the coming years. This is due to the growing pet industry around the world. Veterinarians are supposed to complete a program in Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM). This program takes four years to complete. A license is also required for one to be allowed to be a practicing veterinary.According to Bosch, T., et al, a person who is wishing to enter a bachelor’s degree program in the veterinary field can obtain bachelor’s degree in different science-related fields such as zoology, chemistry, animal science, molecular biology and biochemistry. In most cases, students are not necessarily required to have a bachelor’s degree to be admitted to the veterinary programs. However, it becomes very difficult to be admitted into a veterinary program without a degree. It is required that a student who has not completed the undergraduate school to have attended and completed a minimum of 45 semester hours to get the admission into veterinary programs (124-129).Those who are wishing to enter into the veterinary field can also take a course in Bachelor of Science in Animal Science. These courses are regarded important in preparing students for veterinary as they combine both classroom and laboratory education. Such courses include; Microbiology, Animal management, Anatomy and Physiology, Animal nutrition and Equine care.For one to be licensed to practice as a veterinary professional, they must have completed a course in Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. Programs in DVM take four years to complete and are divided into segments, each consisting two years. In the first segment, classroom instructions are mostly given the priority. The second segment mainly focuses on clinical practicum. In this program, the coursework includes; Animal behavior, Veterinary Pharmacology, Animal Nutrition, Clinical Pathology, Large and small animal medicine, Diagnostic imaging, and Anaesthesia and surgery principles. In the clinical practicum, students make rotations in various veterinary specialties and the process they gain hands-on experience in clinical practices.After students have earned a DVM, there are supposed to get registration, and thereby to earn a license that allows them to start practicing as a veterinary officer. The work of the veterinarians is to improve the health of animals and household pets. They do this in laboratories, on farms and zoos. On average, a practicing vet earns $96,140 per year.
Bosch, T., et al. “Transmission and Persistence of Livestock-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus among Veterinarians and Their Household Members.” Applied and environmental microbiology 81.1 (2015): 124-129.
Guardabassi, L., & Prescott, J. F. (2015). Antimicrobial stewardship in small animal veterinary practice: from theory to practice. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 45(2), 361-376.