The Dangers of Vaccines

Student's Name Instructor’s Name Course Date The Dangers of Vaccines Many researchers have come forward describing the possible health risks associated with vaccines, in spite of the conviction of the inevitability and safety of vaccines. A scientific publication by the Department of Paediatric Rehabilitation from the University of Bialystok has established that there are several serious neurological repercussions associated with vaccination. Considering that vaccines normally contain the same ingredients, the effects on infants and young adults are the same throughout the world. The University of Bialystok is a recognized medical institution that has carried out research on some important...

Application of Statistics in Biological and Clinical Sciences

Statistics is the science of collecting, representing and analyzing data. The science of statistics is applied to various branches of academics which include econometrics, economics, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences and life sciences. When such data deals with biological or clinical variables the specialty is referred as Biostatistics or Clinical Statistics (Altman 167). This field of science helps to understand the prevalence, cause-effect relationships and significance of an experimental intervention. The endpoints of statistical calculations indicate the reliability, validity and reproducibility of the same observation under different experimental or ambient conditions (Cumming...

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia Introduction Schizophrenia is a disorder that has chronic effects and often affects the brain. Individuals suffering from the condition are prone to hear various voices and also have the belief that other individuals who are close to them understand what they think and feel. Such occurrences make sufferers feel unprotected and vulnerable to harm within the hands of those who are close to them. Such lucid feelings make those affected by the illness to withdraw from others and also feel nervous most of the time. History The phrase schizophrenia was first used by Bleuler for purposes of characterizing different functions of individuals. The term was first used in Berlin and was published...

Lymphedema as a Medical Disorder

Lymphedema as a Medical Disorder Student’s Name Institution Affiliation Introduction Lymphedema is a medical disorder caused by constant inflammation of limbs that is caused by the build-up of lymph fluid in the lymphatic system. It occurs if the lymphatic system doesn’t function properly, or it’s damaged thus lymph vessels are not able to drain the fluid under the arm or the legs. As a matter of fact, lymphedema may develop after cancer treatment. Ongoing research by Canadian cancer center postulates that causes of lymphedema are multifaceted. Additionally, factors that contribute to the Lymphedema and the nature of interaction with the chronic diseases such as cancer have not yet been...

malaria

Name of the Student Professor’s Name Biology Date: Malaria Introduction Malaria is a life-threatening condition caused due to a parasitic infection. The parasite is a protozoon, which belongs to the genus Plasmodium. There are various species of Plasmodium which may cause different types of malaria. In the basic form of the disease, the parasite multiplies in the host red blood corpuscles to complete their life cycle. This leads to the destruction of RBC’s and the individuals infected with the malaria parasite suffers from anemia and physiological distress, which may become life-threatening if it is untreated. The plasmodium parasite enters the human or animal body, through the...

Plant Growth and Developemnt

Name of the Student Professor’s Name Plant Biology 1st November 2015 Plant Growth and Development Experimental Design to Study the Effects of Different Concentrations of Auxin on Shoot Growth Introduction Auxin is a plant hormone that helps in the growth of shoot meristem and prevents sprouting. It is liberated from the shoot apices and acts to increase the length of the plant and decreases the development of lateral branches or sprouts (Simon & Petrasek, 2011). The present article reflects the action of auxin applied in different concentrations to the plants. The experiment was also undertaken to understand whether auxin at different concentrations, significantly influences the...

The word schizophrenia means

Schizophrenia The word schizophrenia means splitting of personalities and has its origin in the Greek language and was coined by Eugene Bleuler in 1908. Other researchers who did pioneering work in the field include Kurt Schneider, who described the diagnostic features of the disease. This illness is one of the most debilitating psychiatric illnesses known to man and has the capacity to affect all aspects of the affected person’s life. Extensive research has been done to identify the causative factors of the disease. Genetic factors, environmental insults, perinatal insults and psychological stresses have all been explored as possible etiological agents for the diagnosis of the disease (Hirsch and...

human body autopsy

Name of the Student Professor’s Name Biology 6th December 2015 Procedure of Autopsy An autopsy is the mechanism of study of tissues from a dead organism. This method is employed during post-mortem studies to evaluate the cause of death of a human being. The procedure of autopsy includes a careful examination of the external morphology of the body and then the removal of all internal organs like the thoracic, abdominal and pelvic organs from the body. The procedure of unrestricted autopsy is done by the following steps. Before dissection of the body parts thorough examination should be carried out on the external features of the dead body. Photographs and sketches must be used and...

Evaluating the possible mechanism of action of a novel anti-fungal drug on cdc20gene expression in AML cell lines

Evaluating the possible mechanism of action of a novel anti-fungal drug on cdc20gene expression in AML cell lines Abstract Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is fast progressing cancer of the blood which originates in the bone marrow. Increased expression of Cdc20 has been implicated in various cancerous cells and is considered to be a potential target for anti-cancer drugs. The present study was conducted to evaluate the mechanism of action, of a novel drug used to treat AML. The drug is an established antifungal agent and has shown to cause cytotoxicity in AML cell lines. The evaluation was based on RNA levels, derived from treated AML cell line compared to non-treated AML cell line. Reverse...

Introduction to Carbohydrates and their Qualitative Analysis

Experiment # 7: Introduction to Carbohydrates and their Qualitative Analysis Abstract Carbohydrates are defined as bio-molecules with a molecular formula of (CH2O)n, where the value of n > 3. Carbohydrates range from simple sugars to complex sugars and serves important functions in our body. Carbohydrates are the most abundant biological molecules found in any living organism. Estimation of carbohydrates has both prognostic and diagnostic value. Hence, carbohydrates are tested both qualitatively and quantitatively. In the present laboratory experimentations, we evaluated the qualitative analysis of various carbohydrates as...