Biology and other Life Sciences
The term symbiosis is derived from two terms, ‘sym’, which means with and ‘biosis’ meaning living. Perhaps, one can infer the meaning of a symbiotic relationship from the broken form of the term. However, scientifically, the concept of symbiosis involves the complex interaction between two organisms that both seek to benefit from the association. Often, the organisms interacting are drawn from different species for it to qualify under the definition of a symbiotic relationship. Further, symbiosis has three broad categories that are majorly anchored on the effect of the relationship. Commensalism, Mutualism, and parasitism have all been described against the expected benefit of the relationship between the different species that interact in this scientific phenomenon. This paper will explore the concept of symbiosis sighting various examples.
Mutualism can be looked at as a positive-positive scenario in which both organisms benefit positively from the interaction. The organisms are then said to benefit mutually from the biological relationship. Commensalism, on the other hand, involves a relationship that is founded on a positive-neutral basis. Contrary, in parasitism, only one of the organisms gets all the benefits from the relationship creating a scenario whereby one organism survives at the expense of another organism. Scholars have considered this to be a positive-negative relationship since one of the pa…
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