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The preoccupation of obtaining alcoholic substances and the little control over its consumption are what characterize addictive behaviors amongst all alcoholics in the society. The development of its tolerance as well as its dependence comes along with the impairment of social and common habits of the individual. Alcoholism brings forth the chronic vulnerability to relapse after sessions of drinking. Due to the purpose of understanding the factors that lead to excessive drinking, researchers have relied on the brain mechanism associated with mechanical characteristics of a human being. The article below aims at the analysis of alcoholism on a social base and its effects on the society. Alcoholism has proven to be a constant social problem although there have been efforts to reduce it.
Social problem and its state.
Alcoholism is easily termed as the overuse and dependency on alcohol products for a prolonged period resulting to problems. Alcoholism is split into two categories. These categories are namely, alcohol abuse and alcohol dependency.
Alcohol abuse is analyzed as a psychiatric condition that involves the recurrent harmful use of ethanol in a person’s body. In this category are two other different types of alcohol abuse classes. These are individuals abusing alcohol due to their anti-social and pleasure seeking behaviors and those abusers who often go long periods without alcohol although one mere taste of the substance results in a continuous state of unstoppable intake. Binge drinking is also classified as alcohol abuse in this category.
Alcohol dependency is referred to as a psychiatric condition diagnosed in individuals who are physically or in other ways psychologically dependent on the intake of alcohol compounds. Alcohol users are classified in the previously discussed category. Alcoholics are taken into tests to meet certain criteria with which they are diagnosed as dependent. The criteria are that an individual is tolerant of the intake of the substance, the existence of withdrawal symptoms, an occurrence of alcohol usage in large amounts and the presence of a persistent desire to use the substance while zero successes are experienced during trials in quitting usage. More into the criteria is the fact that the alcohol abuser spends much time trying to obtain the substance and to recover from the effects of the substance abuse. In fact, the individual whose social and occupational pursuits are dumped aside to create time for alcohol abuse is termed as a dependent in this category. There are instances where the continued usage of alcohol substances despite the knowledge about its harmful effects is termed as a dependency (Torr & James 28-35).
Alcoholism has had a long period of existence since the Biblical, Egyptian and Babylonian sources have shown records of the substance abuse (Popham, Robert &Wolfgang ). The abuse of alcohol has been registered as a social problem since thousands of years ago although the definition of drunkenness were not established in medical terms until the eighteenth century (Popham, Robert &Wolfgang ). Later in the years of the 1920’s the negative effects of alcohol abuse led to a fail in the prohibition of alcohol (Popham, Robert &Wolfgang ). The use of alcohol in the United States has been termed to cost the economy an estimate of two hundred and twenty billion dollars yearly since early 2005 (Popham, Robert &Wolfgang ). Mark that this value is higher than costs arising from issues of obesity and cancer. In 2010, the World Health Organization analyzed a study on alcoholism where the shocking results revealed that an average of two hundred and eight million human beings had been diagnosed with alcoholism worldwide. (Torr & James 17). An average percentage of four of the same population were not above the age of fifteen years old (Torr & James 28-35). In the United States, only seven percent of the alcoholic population were adults while an estimate of three percent were aged between twelve and seventeen years of age. The study claimed that majority of the alcoholic population were males and young adults.
Numerous health issues arise due to the long-term abuse of alcohol amongst individuals of all ages. The usage of the substance is perceived as a detrimental to the society in the following ways. The loss of working hours, increases in medical costs as well as the secondary medical expenses, a jump in the total recorded causes of accidents, violence and assault cases. Apart from the increased wastage of finances in hard problems, the abuse of this substance has led to the existence of an incurable and damaging condition among infants known as fetal alcohol syndrome in cases where a pregnant woman indulges in alcohol abuse. The condition is characterized by an abnormal appearance seen in very short heights, little body weight, smaller head sizes, low intelligence levels, and poor body coordination. In other cases, the infant may suffer from issues with hearing and sight (Popham, Robert &Wolfgang ).
It is quite evident that alcoholism has an enormous negative impact on the lives of the abusers although the healthcare professionals have termed the substance abuse as a family illness as well. The affected individuals of alcoholism include the regular partners, spouses, and children of the individuals with the condition. The alcoholic is seen to indulge in activities that are erratic, irrational, confusing and in some cases violent. Many of the affected members become desperate in the attempts to stop the alcoholic individual from the substance abuse. Most of the victims are granted with more responsibilities because their member is alcoholic leading to unbelievable strains. Many have argued that alcoholism is a selfish act that falls as the primary cause of damage driven by alcoholic individuals to make selfish choices. However, others have argued that it is a social responsibility to encourage sorts of improvement in positive actions to the affected individuals. If both sides are victims, then both are termed as innocent. Therefore, no fingers ought to be pointed (Bakewell).
The real factors that have led to this current social problem of alcoholism are rooted from the cultures in the society. Numerous instances have shown that alcohol intake is a behavior that is adapted from one individual to another out of mere curiosity and peer pressure. The earliest stage of alcoholism involves a series of biological occurrences involving chemical changes in the brain (Torr & James 28-35). These changes result in the emphasis of certain pleasurable feelings with each intake. The feelings from the substance intake lead to the increase in the desire to drink more even while it causes harm. These facts mean that alcoholism is a result of a gradual development in intake habits (Mendelson).
The main goal of treating alcoholism is to enable the affected individual to abstain from alcohol for a prolonged period of time through the usage of the methods discussed below. This enables the individuals who had suffered before due to alcoholism to enjoy good health and social support. This way the individual success of getting cured is measured through the length periods of abstinence. Just as any other currently existent social problem, there are numerous methods that are programmed to curb alcoholism. The formulation of alcohol addiction societies is a holistic approach meant to assist the addicts to reduce gradually the substance abuse. The approach is practiced in every state only where the abusers have reached atrocious levels. Rehabilitation units have also been formulated to hinder life wastage among young individuals in the society due to alcohol dependency. Another example of methods that are used to deal with this social problem of alcoholism is that nutritionist have developed diets used to detoxify alcohol components in the blood of the alcoholics. This method works through a regular follow-up of diet and exercise seen to be practiced differently by most individuals with the condition. However, some of the individuals whose alcoholic conditions have been viewed to improve report that intervention is a great helper in recovery from the condition. The claim is because the individual experiences a halt in the social, physical, mental and emotional havoc. It is an important act for supporters of the alcoholic to accept and be honest about the fact that the person they care for is indeed alcoholic, and to plan for their improvements (Fletcher 246-327).
Funds sourced from the society have upsurged the world levels of alcoholism with the help of expensive advertisements that promote the sale of alcohol beverages. Moreover, alcoholic levels have been seen to increase during holidays where the intake levels of both alcoholics and alcohol takers are most likely to escalate. In addition, many restaurants allow the sale of alcoholic beverages to accompany meals that are used as a vindication of taking alcohol. However, the funding handed to the organizations that play a part in curbing alcoholism among individuals as well educating the public on the negative effects of alcohol abuse is mostly through the government bodies. In most countries, the health ministries pay attention to alcoholism as one of the major contributing factors in drug abuse among young people. For example, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism found in numerous countries. Funds and support can be solicited from the education and awareness systems that focus on drug abuse. Major donor organizations also participate in rally campaigns that raise funds to allocate them to departments that deal with curbing drug abuse. This is a gradual process that takes prolonged periods of making positive impacts in the society since the individual improvements are gradual as well. Challenges that are faced in the attempt to curb alcoholism is the fact that there exist attitudes that create barriers to the detection and treatment of alcoholism. This is due to the fear of stigmatization mostly among women who deny being suffering from the condition. On the other hand, the male perspective of stigmatization is arrayed publicly in drinking groups that are least expected to have members suffering from the condition.
Many have argued that alcoholism is an interminable disease that falls as the leading cause of damage, which drives alcoholic individuals to make selfish choices. However, others have argued that it is a social responsibility to encourage sorts of improvement in positive actions to the affected individuals. If both sides are victims then both are termed as innocent and no fingers ought to be pointed (Rotgers, Fredrick & Aurburn).
Alcoholism is a social problem that can only be dealt with by actions that portray positivity in improving the current situation. There exists a form of communication used in the attempt to bring an alcoholic to reflect on their behavior. The method highly relies on the speaker’s ability to enforce the ramifications that are bestowed upon the alcoholic in the instances that they do not pull through with the gimmick. Conventionally, the avoidance of the abuse of alcohol is highly possible for individuals in the society through the provision of knowledge to do with problems that arise from it (Fletcher, 306). Individuals in the society should rely upon themselves in bettering their lives that means it is their responsibility to make positive growth possible in any given situation. Moreover, everybody in the society ought to take steps in improving their communities which eventually comes back to flourish their distinct lives.
Bakewell, Lisa. “Impacts of Alcoholism Among Teenagers.” Alcohol Information for Teens: Health Tips about Alcohol and Alcoholism including Facts about Alcohol’s Effects on the Body, Brain, and Behavior, the Consequences of Underage Drinking, Alcohol Abuse Prevention and Treatment, and Coping with Alcoholic Pare. 2nd ed. Detroit, MI: Omnigraphics, 2009. Print.
Fletcher, Anne M. “Starting How to Stop.” Sober for Good: New Solutions for Drinking Problems–Advice from Those Who Have succeeded. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001. 548. Print.
Mendelson, Jack H. “Social Problems of Alcoholism.” The Diagnosis and Treatment of Alcoholism. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1979. Print.
Popham, Robert E., and Wolfgang Schmidt. “Researches on Alcoholism Costs.” A Decade of Alcoholism Research; a Review of the Research Activities of the Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Research Foundation of Ontario, 1951-1961. By Robert E. Popham & Wolfgang Schmidt. Toronto: U of Toronto; Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Research Foundation, 1962. 354. Print.
Rotgers, Frederick, and Beth Arburn Davis. “The Crave for Acceptance in Alcoholism.” Treating Alcohol Problems. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley, 2006. Print.
Torr, James D. Alcoholism. San Diego: Greenhaven, 2000. 768. Print.