1) provide a topic outline. Points will be deducted if you do not. 2) In the term paper you will compare The Greek World View to the Christian World View (Chapters 1 and 3 of Tarnes’ book The Passion of the Western Mind.
Greek and Christian worldview
The Greek worldview is based on the archetypical ideology, a culture that was initiated during the Homeric period. It was an ideology used and embraced by Plato as an aspect in emphasizing on knowledge acquisition. Thus, knowledge is not limited to physical attributes but rather deeply in the soul that is the illuminated by intellects. Therefore, archetypical principle relies mostly on an inner perception of knowledge as opposed to the outer perception. This type of worldview encourages philosophers to study the universe beyond reliance on the essence of appearance. Acquisition of knowledge about the world only materializes with such insight.
Consequently, it is illogic to derive knowledge from external universe by use of merely face value. Going steps ahead of external aspect, visible beings to a more internal way of getting knowledge is the primary source of reality. According to Plato, experiencing knowledge through perception is not substantive and is fond of change and relativity. Therefore, knowledge embedded in senses varies from one person to another because it is prone to subjective judgment. True knowledge arrives when an individual studies external forms world extensively. Knowledge perceived through senses vary because of lack of absolute equality and can lead to personal interest and biases. In the process of acquiring knowledge, Plato claimed that ideas propel an individual in having critical reasoning. Ideas constitute elements of being and knowledge thus, provides critical realities of things and possibility of acquiring knowledge. Subsequently, the knowledge becomes a justifiable true belief through intellect but not senses.
Plato claimed that there was existence of mythical and ruling principles of human beings. This aspect portrays similarity with Christian world view based on the superstitions and mythic on a supernatural being. Rather than concentrating on the Mathematical ideas, Plato embraced mythical and divine figures in acquisition knowledge. Plato gave much consideration and welcomed the influencing aspect; the mythical belief of the Ancient Greek religious views. Therefore, Plato’s vision incorporated religious and poetic aspects in the quest of achieving knowledge about the world.
The Greek worldview transformed to an aspect of myth which helped in acquiring knowledge through experiences. For instance, the tragic vision determined consequences human actions. During the Homeric period, Athenian tragedy incorporated much consciousness to a significance of gods and human awareness and suffering. Thus, mythic believe and illuminated processes of human life. There was much shift in the classical forms of knowledge from the mythical world of Homeric epic. This period was characterized by the existence of Scientists who supplemented traditional mythical beliefs through observation of natural domain. Consequently, it marked the overlap between Scientific and mythical modes of worldview bring together the aspect of divine existence and primary substance.
According to Plato the climax of reality, a world view is not only received through ethics and rationality but also through aesthetic, beauty. Consequently, the highest philosophical knowledge is acquired through love for knowledge. Knowledge of divinity is incorporated in every soul but eventually forgotten by human beings with time. Genuine truth is only acquired through the vigorous use of human logical reasoning, experiments, and analysis. The truth is, therefore, sought through human experience in the otherworldly reality. In the world, the causes of natural phenomena must be sought in tandem to observable nature and exclusion of mythical and supernatural elements. Consequently, a critical aspect of analyzing evidence plays a key role in searching for truth.
The Christian believe claims and historical perspective is derived from Hebraic doctrine. God is believed to be the creator of the universe, the historical Lord, omnipresent, omniscient and omnipotent. According to Christians, God entered the world and spoke His words through the prophets with an ultimate end of divinity. Greek tradition mostly influenced Christian worldview and led Christian culture incorporated into a Greco-Roman culture. This considerably fulfilled Platonic ideology on the existence of eternal and supremacy of divine wisdom.
Thus, the superiority of spirituality over the material, Socratic principle of soul immortality and divine justice after death was fulfilled. Therefore, there is a need for self-examination, passion for doing good things and believing in a transition of human life to eternal life. Human knowledge is in a limited state and, therefore, needs intervention from an external supernatural force that governs human life. It is evident that Platonic principle on worldview was used in explaining divine wisdom, the deepest Christian mysteries. Judaeo-Christian beliefs rooted in the Platonic perspective especially on the aspect of the metaphysical structure. Consequently, the Christian worldview incorporates Platonic believe on mythical mysteries.
Christianity world view reflects on Adams fall and finally the separation between human being and God. Therefore, sin is such a serious aspect that separates human beings from God. Thus, there is a need for serious observation and practice of religious virtues. The unity nature of Christians with the resurrected Christ is evident with the Helenian mystical unity. Considerably, Christianity embraced the history of Jesus Christ underpinned by the Hellenism and Judaism principles. Christian believes is strongly grounded in Jesus’ death that led to the saving of human souls. For instance, Christian theologians claim that discovering of Jesus is the ultimate end of finding the truth.
The Platonic thought was metaphysically oriented and thus propelled Christianity foundation in Judaism. In the contrast, the Greek used many archetypal beings in dominance, the Judaic believe in one being strengthened Christian divinity in one supreme for the salvation of humankind. Through Christian history, God is the source of knowledge and give direction to all human beings. Christianity emphasizes most on holiness and sacredness as the only aspect of having eternal life in future.
In conclusion, both the Greek and Christian worldview strongly believed in the aspect of goodness, rightness, and beauty. Good actions lead to a better world as opposed to illogical and destructive acts that promote destructions. Therefore, Christianity has embraced various aspects of Greek world view which are considered supportive of righteous and holy lives.